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    23 Things That You Should NOT Do While Visiting USA

    About 75 million tourists visit USA each year. People come from different cultures and backgrounds. There are certain things that you should NEVER do while visiting USA, here are a few:

    1. Don’t point your middle finger at anyone, this might get you killed.

      1. Don't point your middle finger at anyone - 23 Things That You Should NOT Do While Visiting USA

    2. Don’t Yell Allahu Akbar in a crowded place, you really don’t want to know the outcome.

      2. Don't yell Allahu Akbar in a crowded place

    3. Never travel in your car without wearing a seat belt.

      3. Not wearting a seatbelt

    4. Never drink and drive, Police won’t let you play with that.

      4. Don't drink and drive

    5. Never Use you mobile phone while driving, no texting or talking over the phone.

      5. Don't text and drive

    6. Don’t Disrespect an american flag or say anything negative about the US troops, this will land you in some serious trouble.

      6. Don't disrespect american flag

    7. Don’t bring something that is legal in one state to another state where it’s illegal.

      7. Don't bring something that is legal to another state where its illegal

    8. Don’t get in someone’s personal space. Keep distance from people when you are talking to them.

      8. Don't get in someone's personal space

    9. Don’t stare at someone. Watching is fine but staring offends most.

      9. Don't stare

    10. Don’t park in handicap space. Unless you have the right to park there.

      10. Don't park in handicap space

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    11. Don’t try to get in the elevator unless everyone has stepped out.

      11. Don't step in the elevator before other get out

    12. Don’t walk on the left side. Always keep right.

      12. Walk on the right side

    13. Never ever cut in line. People hate that.

      13. Never cut in line

    14. Don’t joke about bombs and terrorists. It might be a normal joke back where you come from but people take it very seriously in America.

      14. Don't joke about bombs and terrorists
      Prank Tweet by a teenager
    15. Don’t discuss politics/religion with people you just meet.

      15. Don't discuss politics and religion

    16. Never reach for your pocket when you are stopped by a police officer. Keep calm and don’t get out of your car either.

      16. Stay in car when stopped by police

      See Also: Interesting Facts About Earth

    17. Don’t get in an argument with a police officer.

      17. Don't get in argument with police

    18. Don’t honk your horn unless you are in an immediate danger.

      18. Don't honk

    19. Don’t expect special treatment by displaying your status or wealth, everyone is treated equally in USA.

    20. Don’t forget to tip. The servers need tips to come close to a living wage.

      20. Don't forget to tip

    21. Don’t joke about obesity, It’s rude.

      21. Don't joke about obesity

    22. Don’t try to see the whole country in one trip, you can’t even come close to visiting all the states.

      22. Don't try to visit all us states, its huge

    23. Don’t be afraid to share you culture with Americans. Americans are busy and most don’t get the chance to travel outside America.

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    30 Amazing Camping Gadgets You Need For Your Next Camping Trip

    Must Having Camping Gadgets

     

    You would need a truck to carry them all at once so choose wisely what you need on each trip.

    You Must See: 23 Best Camping Sites in Pakistan

    1. An inflatable solar light that will help you see through anything

    1. An inflatable solar light that will help you see through anything - Must Have Amazing Camping GadgetsBuy Here

    2. A squeezable water filtration system

    Buy Here

    3. A CamelBak purification water bottle

    Buy Here

    4. A headlamp that adjusts its brightness automatically to the environment

    Buy Here

    5. This tool kit that has everything you could ever need

    Buy Here

    6. A smokeless stove that generates electricity to charge your personal devices

    Buy Here

    7. “Earl,” a smart, solar-powered GPS that gives you real-time map data, weather, and an emergency radio

    Buy Here

    8. This compact stove that’s perfect for a solo trip

    Buy Here

    9. A USB and solar-powered device that charges headlamps, cameras, and electronics

    Buy Here

    10. This high-tech blade with a handle that doesn’t absorb water

    Buy Here

    11. A no-pump water filter that cleans your water for you

    Buy Here

    12. A waterproof lighter with a gas lock

    Buy Here

    13. This neon blue hammock for two

    Buy Here

    14. A portable sink that’s perfect for keeping dishes and clothes sanitary

    Buy Here

    15. A tent-pole seat that holds up to 250 pounds and weighs only 1.3 pounds

    Buy Here

    16. A compact spork-and-knife utensil set

    Buy Here

    17. Reflective badges that will keep your group together during night hikes

    Buy Here

    18. A survival tool kit that’s smaller than a credit card and will save you in emergency situations

    Buy Here

    19. A “Hoodlum” that will never leave your face cold ever again

    Buy Here

    20. The lightest, most insulated socks you will ever find

    Buy Here

    21. An all-in-one geoshield stove that allows for both upright and inverted fuel positions

    Buy Here

    22. Collapsible cooking pots that are lightweight and durable

    Buy Here

    23. A tarp poncho that will keep you waterproof indefinitely

    Buy Here

    24. A dry trash sack that prevents any leakage

    Buy Here

    25. An insulated hammock

    Buy Here

    26. This FireSteel that easily helps you start a fire

    Buy Here

    27. This two-person tent that comes with built-in LED lighting

    Buy Here

    28. This gear line that will organize all your essentials at night

    Buy Here

    29. An solar-powered inflatable, waterproof light that doubles as a pillow

    Buy Here

    30. A compact and light cookware set

    Buy Here

    Originally posted on Buzzfeed

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    Complete Guide to Becoming a Pilot and Flying Your Own Plane in Pakistan

    Become a pilot in pakistan

    Private Pilot License in Pakistan

    Owning and flying a plane yourself seems like a dream, especially in Pakistan. This article tries to cover the cost and procedure of securing a Private Pilot License – PPL(A) and estimated cost of importing different kind of private planes.

    Training cost to become a pilot, buying your own C-150 and the license fee would set back around 5 million rupees (50 Lacs). 

    The first thing you need to do is to enroll yourself in a flying club and get the required training. Once you have the required flying hours’ experience, you become eligible to secure a license which is issued by CAA (Civil Aviation Authority).

    Below are the steps to become a pilot:

    1. Attend a flying school and obtain the required flying hours’ experience
    2. Secure a license
    3. Starting flying a plane

    There are some basic requirements to get yourself enrolled in a flying Club. Every flying club strictly follows CAA guidelines to enroll a student. Below are few of those and detailed requirements can be found on respective flying club’s website.

    1. Medical fitness

    Medical fitness test is done to ensure that your physical and physiological health allows you to fly a plane. The test is conducted by authorized aviation medical examiner. The medical fitness requirements are designed by Civil Aviation Authority. Below are few of the tests conducted to ensure your medical fitness:

    • Chest X-ray
    • Eye test
    • Hearing test
    • Stress ECG
    • A few more that your flying school will explain
    1. Minimum age: 17 years
    2. Education: HSSC (A level) (F.Sc.)
    3. Clearance certificate from Local Police or Intelligence Bureau

    Once you fulfill these basic requirements, you then get admission in a flying school and go through a written examination before you can sit on pilot’s seat and start the training. Flying club will get you a Student Pilot License (SPL) during the course of training.

    Private pilot license in pakistan

    Written examination covers some basic subjects including Air Law, Flight Performance and Planning, Human Performance and Limitations, Meteorology, Navigation, Operational Procedures, Principles of Flight and Radio-telephony.

    These are some useful links to CAA website:

    CAA General Licensing procedure

    CAA Technical Training

    CAA Basic Flight Training

    CAA Licensing Fee Schedule

    Private Pilot Licensing Fee schedule (Peshawar Flying Club)

    Admission fees30,000/-
    Membership fees (8 months @ Rs.1000/ Per Month)8,000/-
    Insurance cover (July to June)5,000/-
    Books, maps, computer etc. (at actual)36,000/-
    Tuition fee (8 months)30,000/-
    Flying charges on C-150, 2 seater aircraft (40 Hours)560,000/-
    Total669,000/-

    Once you have the 40 flying hours’ experience, you can secure a PPL(A) (Private Pilot License – Aero plane) from Civil Aviation Authority. The license cost of PPLA is 2500 Rupees.

    You May Also Like: Most Beautiful Lakes in Pakistan

    Now that you have a PPL(A) license, you can fly a private plane. One of the most famous and reliable 2 seaters private plane is C-150 (Cessna 150)

    The plane was produced from 1958 – 1977 and a total of 23,949 planes were produced.

    Pakistan customs will charge you 15% of the price of Plane if you import it. C-150 would cost around 3.5 to 4 million in Pakistan including the Custom duty.

    Few Cessna 150 for sale can be found here.

    Some famous flying clubs in Pakistan:

    1 – Schon Air
    Quaid-e-Azam International Airport
    Schon Hangar
    General Aviation Airport
    Karachi – 75200
    Contact: +92 324 9211110

    2 – Lahore Flying Club
    Walton Airport, Lahore
    Contact: +92 300 4017171

    3 – Hybrid Aviation Flying Club Lahore
    Walton Airport, Lahore
    Contact: +92 321 4409848

    4 – Pakistan Aviators
    PO BOX 6300
    Lahore Airport, Lahore
    Contact: +92 42 36685592

    5 – Rawalpindi Flying Club
    Chaklala Airport
    PO Box 75, Islamabad/Rawalpindi
    Contact: +92 051 5591565

    6 – Multan Flying Club
    Multan Airport
    Contact: +92 61 6306612

    7 – Peshawar Flying Club
    PO Box No. 5, Peshawar
    Peshawar Airport, Peshawar Cantt.
    Contact: +92 332 9073466

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    Dead Sperm Whales Found With Stomach Full of Car Parts and Plastic

    Dead Sperm Whales in the photo below are a result of human disregard for Marine life. We throw millions of tons of garbage in sea every day and the results are very disturbing.

    Dead Sperm Whales Found in Germany
    Credit: Facebook

    Unfortunately 80% of the plastic that is discarded in the land ends up in the Oceans. The waste material is then consumed by Marine life. The results are devastating and saddening.

    29 Sperms whales were found stranded on the Shores of North Sea in January 2017. The water there is too shallow for such huge animals. Scientists were very disturbed and shocked to see what was inside their stomach.

    Dead Sperm Whales had stomachs full of plastic litter and other debris. One of the fish had a 13 meter long fishing net in its stomach. Another one had a 70 cm long plastic piece that is part of a car. (Source: Press release)

    This shows that humans do not respect and care about other species sharing this planet. Overabundance of plastic in the oceans has resulted in extinction of many species which is alarming.

    German minister of Environment states that:

    These findings show us the results of our plastic-oriented society. Animals inadvertently consume plastic and plastic waste, which causes them to suffer, and at worst, causes them to starve with full stomachs.

    Statement from Nicole Hodgkins (Whale and Dolphin Conservation):

    Although the large pieces will cause obvious problems and block the gut, we shouldn’t dismiss the smaller bits that could cause a more chronic problem for all species of cetacean – not just those who suction feed.

    See Also: Mind Blowing Facts about Planet Earth

    There have been many similar incidents in the past where different marine species were found dead with stomachs full of waste material. A young whale was found dead back in 2011 near Greek island of Mykonos. It’s four stomachs were dissected. There were nearly 100 plastic bags in it along with other pieces of debris.

    Sadly the plastic was not that killed the whale, death was caused by heart failure. Scientists believe that the young whale was in search of squids and swam to the shallow waters and could not support it own weight. The result was collapse of internal organ contributing to its death.

    A recent study which has mapped the total human impact on the seas for the first time has revealed that the picture is far worse than the scientists imagined. 40% of the world’s oceans have been heavily affected by human activities, including fishing, coastal development and pollution from shipping.

    This kind of sad incidents will continue to take place unless we learn to respect other species sharing this planet with us.

     

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    How Much Tax Pakistani Citizens Pay And Where Government Spends It?

    Rupees 20 million (2 Crore) were spent on special repair of Bathrooms in Prime Minister House and rupees 10 million (1 Crore) was spent on changing of carpets.

    Prime Minister house also spends around 10 million Rupees on Tea in one year. The daily expense of PM house is around 2.306 million rupees. (23 lacs every day).

    This money is actually hard earned money of common people of Pakistan.

    This money comes from the revenue collected by FBR (Federal Board of Revenue) primarily through taxes imposed on common people, and companies of Pakistan. Other ways of making money include interest, trading profit etc. but the most primary way of collecting revenue is tax collection. This is the money that government uses to finance its “activities”.

    75% of tax revenue is collected through indirect taxes and 25% through direct taxes in Pakistan. Indirect tax is collected on goods and services rather than on income or profits. While direct tax, such as income tax, which is collected on the income or profits of the person and companies.

    Different Kind of Taxes

    Direct and Indirect Tax Ratio in Pakistan

    Two basic type of taxes are direct and indirect taxes. Direct tax is imposed on individuals and the corporations on total money they make in a year. While indirect tax is imposed on every single person regardless of their income or profit.

    Rate of indirect tax in Pakistan is 60% as compared to 40% of direct tax. This is creating huge economic inequality in Pakistan.

    Below is the rate of gradual increase in indirect tax rate since 2006 provided by theglobaleconomy

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    Increase in indirect tax means that the poorer people are forced to pay more taxes as compared to rich people.

    Surprisingly the contribution of poorest 10% of population in Pakistan was 17% of their total income through indirect taxes which includes GST (General Sales Tax), Central Excise Duty (CED) and Customs Duty. The richest 10% contributed only 10% of their total income in the total indirect tax revenue.

    An example of indirect tax collection in Pakistan is through the electricity and telecommunication bills. If your electricity bill is 20000, you are paying 13000 for the cost of electricity used and remaining 7000 rupees are collected in terms of 14 different indirect taxes. That means a total of 35% tax is collected on electricity bills.

    If your landline telephone bill (PTCL) is 3000, the actual cost of the service is 2100 and remaining 900 is tax. Out of rupees 1000 used on your mobile phone, you pay 380 towards indirect taxes.

    The developing economies in the world keep their indirect taxes as low as possible and direct taxes as high as possible. This would make the richer person pay more taxes and the burden of taxes is reduced on poor people. A successful taxation system reduces the wealth gap between rich and the poor and ensures the distribution of income and wealth. The elite class of Pakistan has been given all the privileges so they pay less direct tax and the legislation makes the poor people pay more through indirect taxes.

    Direct taxes are collected on the income and profit of individuals and Corporations. Below is the table explaining the amount/percentage of tax that an individual should pay in Pakistan.

    Tax on Salaried Individuals

    Taxable income
    Tax Rate (%)
    Less than Rs.400,000
    0%
    Between Rs.400,000 and Rs.500,000
    2% of the amount exceeding Rs.400,000
    Between Rs.500,000 and Rs.750,000
    Rs.2,000 + 5% of the amount exceeding Rs.500,000
    Between Rs.750,000 and Rs.1,400,000
    Rs.14,500 + 10% of the amount exceeding Rs.750,000
    Between Rs.1,400,000 and Rs.1,500,000
    Rs.79,500 + 12.5% of the amount exceeding Rs.1,400,000
    Between Rs.1,500,000 and Rs.1,800,000
    Rs.92,000 + 15% of the amount exceeding Rs.1,500,000
    Between Rs.1,800,000 and Rs.2,500,000
    Rs.137,000 + 17.5% of the amount exceeding Rs.1,800,000
    Between Rs.2,500,000 and Rs.3,000,000
    Rs.259,500 + 20% of the amount exceeding Rs.2,500,000
    Between Rs.3,000,000 and Rs.3,500,000
    Rs.359,500 + 22.5% of the amount exceeding Rs.3,000,000
    Between Rs.3,500,000 and Rs.4,000,000
    Rs.472,000 + 25% of the amount exceeding Rs.3,500,000
    Between Rs.4,000,000 and Rs.7,000,000
    Rs.597,000 + 27.5% of the amount exceeding Rs.4,000,000
    More than Rs.7,000,000
    Rs.1,422,000 + 30% of the amount exceeding Rs.7,000,000

    Tax on Self-Employed Individuals

    Taxable income
    Tax Rate (%)
    Less than Rs.400,000
    0%
    Between Rs.400,000 and Rs.500,000
    7% of the amount exceeding Rs.400,000
    Between Rs.500,000 and Rs.750,000
    Rs.7,000 + 10% of the amount exceeding Rs.500,000
    Between Rs.750,000 and Rs.1,500,000
    Rs.32,000 + 15% of the amount exceeding Rs.750,000
    Between Rs.1,500,000 and Rs.2,500,000
    Rs.144,500 + 20% of the amount exceeding Rs.1,500,000
    Between Rs.2,500,000 and Rs.4,000,000
    Rs.344,500 + 25% of the amount exceeding Rs.2,500,000
    Between Rs.4,000,000 and Rs.6,000,000
    Rs.719,400 + 30% of the amount exceeding Rs.4,000,000
    More than Rs.6,000,000
    Rs.1,319,500 + 35% of the amount exceeding Rs.6,000,000

    Where the tax money is Spent?

    A budget estimates the income and expenditure of the Government. Each year Finance minister announces the budget in June.

    The estimated expenses of Government of Pakistan were rupees 4394 billion and the target for collection of taxes were rupees 3621 billion for fiscal year 2016-2017.

    • 860 billion rupees were allocated to defense.
    • 380 billion rupees were allocated to energy projects.
    • 79.5 billion rupees for higher education.
    • 188 billion rupees for construction of highways, road, bridges.
    • 78 billion rupees for railways (buying new coaches etc)
    • Rs. 842 million allocated to PM Secretariat.

    Rs. 599 million had been allocated for employees-related expenses, Rs. 229 million for their salary, Rs. 110 million for salary of officers, Rs. 370 million for allowances, Rs. 125 million for operating expenses, Rs. 75 million for grants, subsidies and written-off loans.

    • 2 Crore (20 million) on Special maintenance of Bathrooms in PM House (Source)
    • 1 Crore (10 million) on changing of carpets. (Source)
    • Rs 863 million allocated to The President House.

    Rs. 105 million has been earmarked for salary of staff, Rs. 82 million for salary of officers, Rs. 378 million for allowances, Rs. 142 million for operating expenses, Rs. 88 million for grants, subsidies and written-off loans, and Rs. 20 million for maintenance.

    Pakistan spends only 2.6 percent of its GDP on health, which is the lowest in South Asian countries with comparative spending of 7.4 percent in Afghanistan, 4.2 percent in India, 4 percent in Sri Lanka and 5.6 percent in China.

    Though the number of Pakistani Citizens paying direct tax is very small and people find ways to evade tax payment. But the government still collects billions of rupees from poor Pakistani people thought indirect tax. In return we expect to be provided with basic facilities like education, healthcare and security.

    What are your thoughts about the current tax collection system and its performance?

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    Anja Ringgren Loven and Hope – The Nigerian Boy Rescued One Year Ago Goes to School

    Anja Ringgren Loven and Hope – The Nigerian Boy Rescued One Year Ago Goes to School

    This photo of Anja Ringgren Loven and Hope shows that “it’s not important to see what man can do with hate. It’s all about seeing what you can do with love.”

    On 30th of January 2016, Anja Ringgren Loven, Danish national, was with her Husband in Nigeria on a mission. The mission was to rescue kids abandoned by their parents after being accused of being a Witch.

    Anja is co-founder of organization named ACAEDF (African Children’s Aid Education and Development Foundation). She found this little boy, who she named “Hope”, in a small village where he was left for dead by his parents. He was nothing more than flesh and bones at that time. Every year many children are tortured and even killed by their own parents once they believe the kid is a witch.

    Anja rescued the kid and shared his story on Facebook that went viral. She was trying to raise awareness about this serious problem. In Nigeria around 15,000 children were accused of Witchcraft in a decade (Survey conducted in 2009).

    Anja posted photo of Hope of the day she rescued him (Left) and his first day at school one year later (Right). This is how it looks:

    Anja Ringgren Loven and Hope

    anja-loven-nigeria-boy

    Anja Poses with Hope

    Anja Poses with Hope
    Photo Credit: Anja Ringgren Loven’s Facebook

    Hope on the day he was rescued

    Hope's rescue day
    Photo Credit: Anja Ringgren Loven’s Facebook

     

    Photo Credit: Anja Ringgren Loven’s Facebook
    Photo Credit: Anja Ringgren Loven’s Facebook
    Photo Credit: Anja Ringgren Loven’s Facebook

    He is so adorable – no way he is a witch

    Hope posing
    Photo Credit: Anja Ringgren Loven’s Facebook
    Photo Credit: Anja Ringgren Loven’s Facebook

    Anja and Hope – Faith in humanity is restored

    Anja and Hope posing
    Photo Credit: Anja Ringgren Loven’s Facebook

    “As you can see Hope is growing with speed and he is such a handsome, healthy and very happy young boy because of the tremendous love and care he receives everyday from our staff and all our children,” Lovén said. “Where there is love there is hope.”

    Anja with Hope and other kids
    Photo Credit: Anja Ringgren Loven’s Facebook

    See Also: 15 Crazy Donald Trump Quotes That Are Going to Make You Question His Sanity

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    This Famous Black Goth Chicken From Indonesia Is Winning The Internet

    This rare Black Goth Chicken from Indonesia called Ayam Cemani is all Black, inside and out, feathers and bones tough the color of its blood is normal. This breed originated from an Island in Indonesia named Java.

    The black color is caused by a genetic condition called fibromelanosis. The excess pigmentation of the tissues results in every organ turning black. Its beak, meat, bones even its tongue is black. The genetic condition is harmless and this process happens in embryo.

    This chicken is rarely found in the markets and is not eaten as food. Ayam Cemani has an elite status in society and it is thought one should offer Cemani chicken, as the ghost and spirits love Cemani chicken’s meat and blood. This would bring them wealth, reputation and power. Even today before starting a business or a huge project, a Javanese might sacrifice this Black Goth Chicken for good luck.

    Here are some cool pictures of Ayam Cemani aka Black Goth Chicken from Hell. Would you eat this chicken or make crazy scary stories about your pet chicken to scare everyone off.

    Black Goth Chicken Ayam Cemani Rooster

    Black Goth Chicken Ayam Cemani in Market

    Black Goth Chicken Ayam Cemani 3 hens

    Black Goth Chicken Ayam Cemani

    Black Goth Chicken Ayam Cemani hens

    Black Goth Chicken Ayam Cemani black beak and tongue

    Black Goth Chicken Ayam Cemani Black eyes

    Black Goth Chicken Ayam Cemani leg piece

    Black Goth Chicken Ayam Cemani

    See Also: Mind Blowing Facts About Earth

     

  • in ,

    15 Crazy Donald Trump Quotes That Are Going to Make You Question His Sanity

    Read some Donald Trump quotes and sayings if you are feeling down. It won’t help you feel better but would make you question his sanity. Donald Trump tweets are also famous for being rude and full of hate.

    Born on 14th of June 1946, Donald Trump, 45th American President, came to international spotlight during his election campaign. He is famous for his outrageous comments and hate speech.

    On 8th of November 2016, more than 69.979 million Americans voted for Trump. His vote count was less than Hilliary Clinton’s but he got 304 electoral votes where Hilliary secured 227. This resulted in Mr. Trump becoming the 45th President of United States of America.

    Mr. Trump has also tweeted many stupid, rude and hateful things. Things that make you question his sanity. It also raises a question that why did anyone vote for him?

    His executive order to ban entry to the United States for everyone including green card holders from 7 Muslims countries has sparked anger and protests nationwide. His next four years in the White House are the most unpredictable and challenging years for former World Power a.k.a USA.

    You may also like: 15 Donald Trump GIFs that are going to make you laugh so hard

    Below are 15 Crazy Donald Trump Quotes and tweets that are going to make you question his sanity and also his voter’s.

    1 – Donald Trump talking about his daughter Ivanka Trump.

    “If Ivanka weren’t my daughter, perhaps I’d be dating her.”

    15 crazy donald trump quotes

    2 – He thinks Hilliary can’t satisfy her husband.

    “If Hillary Clinton can’t satisfy her husband what makes her think she can satisfy America?”

    Donald talking about hilliary

    Most evil Intelligence Agency of the World – CIA

    3 – Mr. Trump promised the nation to ban Muslims from entering the United States.

    “Donald J Trump is calling for a total and complete shutdown for Muslims entering the United States”

    4 – Trump has a credible source to prove that Obama’s birth Certificate is fake.

    Obama's birth certificate is fake

    5 – Apparently women are crazy for Trump.

    6 – “I’ll build a great, great wall on our southern border and I will have Mexico pay for that wall” – Donald J Trump.

    Trump wants to build a wall on mexican border

    7 – Russell Brand Vs Donald J. Trump

    Russel Brank vs Donald Trump

    8 – Racism and Donald go side by side – Donald Talking about Mexicans

    “When Mexico sends its people, they’re not sending the best. They’re not sending you, they’re sending people that have lots of problems and they’re bringing those problems with us. They’re bringing drugs. They’re bring crime. They’re rapists… And some, I assume, are good people.”

    9 – His views on Global warming. A very different and unique approach.

    “It’s freezing and snowing in New York – we need global warming!”

    10 – He thinks women are objects and belong to him

    “I think the only difference between me and the other candidates is that I’m more honest and my women are more beautiful.”

    11 – Beating Global Terrorism is somehow connected to your ability of telling if the AC works or not!

    “The other candidates — they went in, they didn’t know the air conditioning didn’t work. They sweated like dogs…How are they gonna beat ISIS? I don’t think it’s gonna happen.”

    12 – Piece of ass, this one is funny though.

    “You know, it really doesn’t matter what the media write as long as you’ve got a young, and beautiful, piece of ass.”

    13 – Trump’s comment about the founder of Huffington Post.

    “Ariana Huffington is unattractive, both inside and out. I fully understand why her former husband left her for a man – he made a good decision.”

    14 – Trump knows what he is. Self Awareness is key to success.

    “One of they key problems today is that politics is such a disgrace. Good people don’t go into government.”

    15 – Here comes another sick comment from his interview with shock jock Howard Stern.

    “You know who’s one of the great beauties of the world, according to everybody? And I helped create her. Ivanka. My daughter, Ivanka. She’s 6 feet tall, she’s got the best body. She made a lot money as a model—a tremendous amount”

    You May Also Like This Post: This Famous Black Goth Chicken From Indonesia Is Winning The Internet

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    15 Donald Trump GIFS That Are Definitely Going to Make You Laugh

    Donald Trump gifs are so popular on the Internet these days. His without nose gif is one the most famous on social media. In case you are not aware, Donald Trump is 45th President of the United States. He is a billionaire with an estimated net worth of $3.7 billion. Mr. Trump is famous for his facial expressions.

    Also read: 15 Crazy Insane Donald Trump Quotes

    Having a bad day? Here are 15 trump gifs that are definitely going to make you laugh.

    1 – Trump’s gesture during a debate.

    Trump gestures during a debate. donald trump gifs

    2 – This Trump meme without nose is breaking the Internet

    Trump meme without internet donald trump gifs

    Credits: jeremiahwarren.com

    3 – What is this Joker trying to do here? He dons a hard hat and mimes digging coal.

    donald trump gifs

    4 – Quack, Quack, Quack, Quack, Quack

    donald trump gifs

    Trump asking if maybe Gold Star mother Ghazala Khan “wasn’t allowed” to speak while on stage with her husband at the Democratic National Convention.

    5 – Trump in Gangnam Style or something similar after winning the presidency

    donald trump gifs

    6 – Trump mocking Sen. Marco Rubio’s infamous State of the Union response in which he sipped bottled water

    donald trump gifs

    7 – Not sure what he is trying to do here

    donald trump gifs

    8 – Trump mocking Ben Carson

    donald trump gifs

    9 – Trump during a press conference

    donald trump gifs

    10 – Trump with nose during the first debate of general election

    During fist election donald trump gifs

    11 – Trump meets Trump and throws him away

    Trump meets trump gifs

    12 – Trump taping his dome during a press conference

    13 – Trump kissing the sign board “Women”

    donald trump gifs

    14 – How the hell this man became the president of the Unites States – Trump dancing on the stage

    15 – Trump and Jeb Bush sharing a low high when Trump won South Carolina’s GOP primary

    Do you have any interesting Trump’s gif? Please email us at admin[at]whatwhenwhy.net or post it in the comments.

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    15 Photos That Are Going to Make Every Welder Very Proud About Their Job

    photos going make every welder proud

    Welding was invented in 1800 and it has been a very important job since then. Planet earth won’t be complete without welders. Anyone can become a basic welder by taking a single course in welding but it takes a lot of practice and patience to be a welder and an artist at the same time. Welders have the opportunity to choose many different career paths as compared to other carriers. Welder are required in every industry e.g. Ship building and repair, pipeline inspection, Underwater welding and even in space.

    Skilled welders are always in high demand and have the opportunity to travel the world and see different cultures. Welders earn a salary equivalent to a doctor and a lawyer if the are really skilled and good at what they do.

    Even though a lot of welding now is done by robots but the future of welding will always be very bright and the opportunities are endless.

    15 Photos That Are Going to Make Every Welder Very Proud:

    1 – This welder was a very proud American before Donald Trump became president

    photos going make every welder proud

    2 – When customer doesn’t pay you on time, you leave a signature

    3 – Better than a real Turtle

    photos going make every welder proud

    4 – Underwater Welding is no joke

    Photos That Make Every Welder Proud

    5 – A little fatigued welding joint resulted in a catastrophe, Killing 167 people aboard Piper Alpha – an accommodation platform for people working on an offshore drilling rig

    This shows how important a welder’s job is!

    Photos That Make Every Welder Proud

    See also: 10 Deadliest Accidents in Oil And Gas Industry

    6 – Did you expect that pretty face behind the Helmet?

    Photos That Make Every Welder Proud

    7 – Die-hard fan of Batman

    Photos That Make Every Welder Proud

    8 – When art and Welding are put together in the perfect way possible

    Photos That Make Every Welder Proud

    9 – I’m a dive master and a welder

    15 Photos That Are Going to Make Every Welder Very Proud

    10 – Job well done – Do you think there is any flaw in this job?

    Photos That Make Every Welder Proud

    11 – You keep your desk job and I will keep my pair of balls

    Photos That Make Every Welder Proud

    12 – Dedication and hard work result in a perfect weld

    Photos That Make Every Welder Proud

     13 – Flames and water go side by side for a Welder

    Photos That Make Every Welder Proud

     14 – Another masterpiece by David Madero

    Photos That Make Every Welder Proud

    15 – Which tattoo do you want?

    Photos That Make Every Welder Proud

    Get your “WELDER” T-Shirt/Hoodie here – 10% Off

    Welder tshit ad

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    Top 23 Best Camping Sites in Pakistan You Need To Visit This Summer

    Pir Chanasi - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan

    Do you know what are the best camping sites in Pakistan? What are beautiful places in Pakistan for honeymoon? We made a detailed list of such beautiful places in Pakistan with name and location and what gear you need for camping. Camping is not very common in Pakistan but the trend is growing day by day.

    About 39% population of Pakistan is living in cities. City life offers improved quality of life. There are better education, health and transport facilities. The disadvantages include pollution, noise and overcrowding.

    Increased use of electronic devices and less exposure to natural light has a very bad impact on modern humans. Our sleep schedule is disturbed resulting in decreased performance and other psychological problems.

    A study has found that camping for just a week away from busy city life will reset your biological clock. Increased exposure to sunlight and waking up early will make you feel very fresh and relaxed.

    Sleeping in a tent is a very different from sleeping in your comfortable bed where you have access to everything you need. Don’t worry, you can go camping with style if you have right information and required gear. Below is list of camping gear that would make camping fun and addictive:

    Camping Gear:

    1 – Tent

    Coleman 4 person instant tent

    A good tent is one of the most important part of camping gear. Coleman 4-Person instant tent is my personal favorite. It can be setup in under 2 minutes. It can completely block wind and has good thermal protection. Tent is not completely water proof. A water proof tent fly is recommended if you are expecting rain or early morning dew.

    2 – Inflatable Mattress with Hand-pump

    This is not a must have item but would make you feel very comfortable at night as compared to sleeping on the ground. There are multiple brands available. Choose one that fits your requirements and budget.

    3 –  Sleeping Bag

    Coleman sleeping bag is my personal favorite. It can keep you comfortable for temperature as low as -1°C.

    See also: Snorkeling in Lakes in Pakistan

    4 – Other Accessories

    I recommend carrying a Torch, Knife, 5 Volt Solar Panel, Multipurpose toolkit (Hammer, Screw drivers etc).

    5 – Portable Kitchen

    Grub Hub Portable camping Kitchen is one compact solution. Please don’t forget to comment any other solution or missing item for a good camping adventure.

    See also: Top 5 Best Lakes in Northern Pakistan

    There are countless famous camping sites in Pakistan where you all would love to go and spend couple of nights. Below is the list of Best Camping Sites in Pakistan. Feel free to add your personal favorite camping sites in the comments below.

    Best Camping Sites in Pakistan

    Best Camping Sites in Azad Kashmir

    Pir Chanasi

    Pir Chanasi - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan
    — Ibrahim Dar
    • Location: 30 Kilometers from Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir.
    • Coordinates: 34.387662, 73.559461
    • Elevation: 2752.4 m or 9030.3 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? There has been a new wide paved road built up till the Shrine on top of hill. Camping is possible next to the shrine but there are better isolated camping spots if you hike for 30 minutes towards the neighboring hill. Public transport from Islamabad to Muzaffarabad is available leaving almost every hour and would take around 4 hours. Take a Jeep or Bus ride from Muzaffarabad city to Pir Chanasi. Private cars including Suzuki Mehran can easily make it to the camping site.
    • Ideal Camping Time and accessibility: Snow starts melting in march end. The route is usually cleared by end of March. It’s still quite cold in the whole month of April to camp there, temperature can be freezing at night and early morning. Camping at Pir Chanasi is recommended starting from May till October. The ideal camping time is from June to September.

    Keran

    Karen Azad Kashmir - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan

    • Location: 57 Kilometers from Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir.
    • Coordinates: 34.652120, 73.950186
    • Elevation: 1513.7 m or 4966.2 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? Paved road up till this camping site. Public transport from Islamabad to Muzaffarabad,  and then from Muzaffarabad to Keran. This site can be accessed by private cars including Suzuki Mehran.
    • Ideal Camping Time: May till September

    Upper Neelum

    Upper Neelum Azad Kashmir - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan
    — Ibrahim Dar
    • Location: 5 Kilometers from Keran.
    • Coordinates: 34.665162, 73.945583
    • Elevation: 1805.8 m or 5924.4 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? Paved Road up till Upper Neelum. Public transport is available up till Keran. Local Jeeps can be hired from Keran to reach Upper Neelum. Hiking is other option but not suitable with all the camping gear. All sorts of Private cars can easily make it to this camping spot.
    • Ideal Camping Time: May till September

    Ratti Gali Lake

    Ratti Gali Lake - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan
    — Ibrahim Dar
    • Location: 18 kilometers from Dowarian which is 106 kilometers from Muzaffarabad and 22 kilometers from Athmuqam
    • Coordinates: 34.828645, 74.054914
    • Elevation: 3733.4 m or 12248.6 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? Paved road till Dowarian, 18 kilometers Offroad Jeep ride to Ratti Gali base Camp. 1 hour hike to Ratti Gali lake. Public transport is available up till Dowarian. Private jeep will cost you around 6000 PKR both ways to the base camp. Driving your 4WD to the base camp is possible but not recommended due to road condition.
    • Ideal Camping Time: Late June till August

    Sharda

    Sharda - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan

    • Location: 136 kilometers from Muzaffarabad.
    • Coordinates: 34.795804, 74.188337
    • Elevation: 1873.3 m or 6146.0 feet
    • How to get here/Transport?  Public transport is available all the way to Sharda. All kind of private cars can easily make it to the camping site. The road is paved.
    • Ideal Camping Time: June till September

    Travel to the US: This is what you should never do during your visit to the US

    Arang Kel

    Arang Kel Azad Kashmir - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan
    — Ibrahim Dar
    • Location: 19 Kilometers from Sharda. Kel, Neelum Valley, Azad Kashmir
    • Coordinates: 34.810318, 74.346130
    • Elevation: 2379.0 m or 7805.0 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? Paved Road to Kel. 2 kilometers trek through forest OR take a chairlift from Kel to Arang Kel. Public transport is available to Kel from Muzaffarabad.
    • Ideal Camping Time: June till August

    Taobut

    Taobut - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan

    • Location: 200 kilometers from Muzaffarabad, 39 Kilometers from Kel.
    • Coordinates: 34.726803, 74.712702
    • Elevation: 2291.9 m or 7519.4 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? Unpaved road from Kel to Taobut. 4WD is recomended. Sedans can’t make it to Taobut. Public transport is available till Kel. Hire a jeep from Kel or drive yourself if you are on a 4WD vehicle.
    • Ideal Camping Time: July till September

    Leepa Valley

    Leepa Valley - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan

    • Location: 105 Kilometers from Muzaffarabad.
    • Coordinates: 34.295088, 73.891543
    • Elevation: 2012.1 m or 6601.3 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? Paved road till Sharian. Rent a jeep or drive on your own 4WD to reach Leepa Valley.
    • Ideal Camping Time: June till September

    Ganga Choti – Ganga Hill

    Ganga Choti Azad Kashmir - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan

    • Location: 93 Kilometers from Muzaffarabad
    • Coordinates: 34.074830, 73.787669
    • Elevation: 2995.2 m or 9826.9 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? Paved road till Shudan Gali. Three hours hike to the top. Public transport is available from Muzaffarabad and from Bagh. If you are on a private car then you have to park it somewhere before you start the hike.
    • Ideal Camping Time: July and August

    Banjosa Lake

    Banjosa Lake Azad Kashmir - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan

    • Location: 20 kilometers from the city of Rawalakot, Azad Kashmir
    • Coordinates: 33.810438, 73.816604
    • Elevation: 1788.1 m or 5866.3 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? Paved road all the way to the Lake. Public transport is available to reach the lake from Rawalakot. All sorts of private cars can also make it to the camping site.
    • Ideal Camping Time: May till September

    Toli Pir

    Toli Pir Azad Kashmir - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan

    • Location: 30 Kilometers from Rawalakot, Azad Kashmir
    • Coordinates: 33.893120, 73.906911
    • Elevation: 2530.2 m or 8301.1 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? Paved road to the top. Cars/Jeeps can be rented from Rawalakot. This spot is easily accessible by all kind of private cars.
    • Ideal Camping Time: June till September

    Best Camping Sites in Northern Pakistan

    Shogran

    Shogran - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan

    • Location: 34 Kilometers from Balakot, 234 Kilometers from Islamabad via Karakoram Highway
    • Coordinates: 34.640734, 73.458340
    • Elevation: 2300.5 m or 7547.6 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? Paved road up till Shogran. Easily accessible by all sorts of private cars.
    • Ideal Camping Time: June till September

    Siri Paye

    Siri Paye - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan
    — S. M. Bukhari
    • Location: 8 Kilometers from Shogran
    • Coordinates: 34.610925, 73.482999
    • Elevation: 3024.1 m or 9921.5 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? Almost 8 kilometers of unpaved road. It takes around 1 hour to reach this camping site from Shogran. Rent a jeep from Shogran and negotiate as much as you can.
    • Ideal Camping Time: July till September

    Lalazar

    Lalazar - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan

    • Location: 20 Kilometers from Naran
    • Coordinates: 34.917611, 73.758490
    • Elevation: 3238.5 m or 10625.0 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? Paved road up till Naran. Rent a jeep from Naran and bargain as much as you can. Public transport is available from Islamabad to Naran. Few kilometers from main road to lalazar are unpaved and you need a 4WD vehicle to reach the top.
    • Ideal Camping Time: June till September

    These are the least visited countries in the world. A few names sound Alien.

    Saiful Maluk Lake

    Saiful Maluk Lake - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan
    — S. M. Bukhari
    • Location: 10 Kilometers from Naran
    • Coordinates: 34.881571, 73.692841
    • Elevation: 3231.9 m or 10603.4 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? 10 Kilometers of Unpaved road from Naran. Rent a jeep or drive on your own 4WD. Sedans can’t make it to the lake due to road condition.
    • Ideal Camping Time: June till September

    Dudipatsar Lake

    Dudipatsar Lake - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan

    • Location: On the way from Naran to Babusar top, Dudipat lake is hiding in a valley east of a small town named Besal a few kilometers before Lulusar lake.
    • Coordinates: 35.021037, 74.086423
    • Elevation: 3901.9 m or 12801.7 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? 8 hour hike from a small Village named Besal. Horses can be rented to carry your camping gear. There is paved road till Besal. Park your car there if you are on your private transport. Jeeps/cars can be rented from Naran to reach Besal.
    • Ideal Camping Time: July till September

    Fairy Meadows

    Fairy Meadows - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan
    — S. M. Bukhari
    • Location: South of Raikot Bridge on Karakoram Highway 393 Kilometers from Islamabad via Naran Road
    • Coordinates: 35.380832, 74.577685
    • Elevation: 3321.2 m or 10896.5 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? 1 Hour offroad jeep ride from Raikot bridge followed by 3 hours of hiking to the Fairy Meadows. Public transport is available from Islamabad to get dropped at Raikot Bridge. The jeep ride would cost you 6000 PKR. Guides are also be hired for 3 hours hike.
    • Ideal Camping Time: July till September

    Beyal Camp (Nanga Barbat Base Bamp)

    Beyal Camp - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan

    • Location: Nanga parbat base camp which is 6 hours by foot from Fairy Meadows.
    • Coordinates: 35.350136, 74.577429
    • Elevation: 3551.1 m or 11650.7 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? 6 hours trek from Fairy Meadows. A guide is recommended for this trek to avoid getting lost.
    • Ideal Camping Time: July and August

    Rama Meadow (Astore Valley)

    Rama Meadows - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan
    — S. M. Bukhari
    • Location: 458 Kilometers from Islamabad via Naran road.
    • Coordinates: 35.357241, 74.806567
    • Elevation: 3166.1 m or 10387.5 feet
    • How to get here? Paved road all the way from Islamabad. Public transport is also available till Astore city. Jeeps can be hired to reach Rama Meadows.
    • Ideal Camping Time: June till September

    Naltar Valley

    Naltar Valley - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan
    — S. M. Bukhari
    • Location: 40 Kilometers from Gilgat
    • Coordinates: 36.165270, 74.173176
    • Elevation: 2911.8 m or 9553.2 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? Unpaved road. Hire a jeep from Gilgat to reach Naltar Valley and Naltar Lake. Public transport is available from Islamabad to Gilgat.
    • Ideal Camping Time: June till September

    Karimabad, Hunza Valley

    Karimabad Hunza Valley - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan
    — S. M. Bukhari
    • Location: Karimabad, Hunza Valley 558 kilometers from Islamabad via Muzaffarabad – Naran – KKH
    • Coordinates: 36.325740, 74.689789
    • Elevation: 2782.3 m or 9128.4 feet
    • How to get here? Paved road. A few kilometers from Karimabad town. Public transport is available from Islamabad. This site can be reached by all kind of private cars.
    • Ideal Camping Time: June till September

    Skardu

    Skardu - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan
    — S. M. Bukhari
    • Location: 602 Kilometers from Islamabad via Muzaffarabad – Naran – KKH
    • Coordinates: 35.308566, 75.602543
    • Elevation: 2198.7 m or 7213.5 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? Paved road all the way to Skardu city. Public transport is also available to the city. The camping site is located next to a fast flowing river. Follow GPS to camp here or choose a different spot that suits you.
    • Ideal Camping Time: June till September

    Deosai Plains – Shausar Lake

    Deosai Plains - Best Camping Sites in Pakistan
    — S. M. Bukhari
    • Location: One hour drive from Skardu city. Park is also accessible from Astore side.
    • Coordinates: 34.991296, 75.245597
    • Elevation: 4155.4 m or 13633.3 feet
    • How to get here/Transport? Public transport is available till Skardu. Rent a jeep from Skardu to reach Deosai Plans and choose a camping site. Deosai Plains can be reach from Astore side easily on by all kind of private cars. The road is paved from Astore site up till the boundary of Deosai National Park.
    • Ideal Camping Time: June till September

     

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    10 Deadliest Accidents in Oil And Gas Industry – WhatWhenWhy

    Deadliest Accidents in Oil And Gas Industry

    Piper Alpha platform explosion is considered one of the deadliest accident in Oil and Gas Industry in terms of lives lost. There have been many other accidents in this field causing loss of trillions of dollars and numerous deaths.

    The earliest known well was drilled back in 347 AD in China. The current status of Petroleum industry has its roots in early 20th century. Invention of Internal Combustion Engine has a major impact on importance and demand of Petroleum products. Consumption of Oil and liquid fluids is estimated to be 96 million barrels every day.

    Extraction of Oil and Gas comes with many life threatening and environmental hazards. Every industrial disaster regardless of the cause played a role in improving safety technology and protocols. Major causes of accidents include Human error, Mechanical Failure and Mother nature. There have been many accidents in Oil and gas industry that have caused a huge impact on environment and reflected poorly on the industry.

    Following are 10 deadliest accidents in terms of loss of life in Oil and Gas Industry.

    10 Deadliest Accidents in Oil And Gas Industry

    PlatformDeathsAccident Date
    1 – Piper Alpha Platform Accident1676th of July 1988
    2 – Alexander L. Kielland Drilling Rig Accident12327th of March 1980
    3 – Drillship Seacrest Accident913rd of November 1989
    4 – Ocean Ranger Rig Disaster8415th of February 1982
    5 – Glomar Java Sea Drillship Disaster8125th of October 1983
    6 – Bohai 2 Oil Rig Disaster8125th of November 1983
    7 – Enchova Central Platform Disaster4216th of August, 1984
    8 – Mumbai High North Disaster2227th of July 2005
    9 – Usumacinta Jack-up Disaster2223rd of October 2007
    10 – C.P. Baker Drilling Barge Disaster2130th June 1964

    10 – C.P. Baker Drilling Barge Disaster

    C.P. Baker Drilling Barge was deployed for drilling operations in Gulf of Mexico. It suffered a blowout. Water entered into the vessel through opened door of Main deck. Soon after the electric power was lost. Fire and explosion followed. 21 people were killed. 22 jumped from the main deck to save life. The vessel sank up side down after around 30 minutes. Rescue operations confirmed 8 people dead and 13 were missing presumed dead.

    Accident date: 30th of June 1964

    Deaths: 21 – 22 Injured

    Cause: Fire

    9 – Usumacinta Jack-up Disaster

    Usumacinta Jack-up Deadliest Accidents in Oil And Gas Industry

    Usumacinta was a Jack-up rig. It was positioned next to Kab-101 platform to complete the drilling of well Kab-103. Strong winds of 130 km/h and waves up to 8 meters in height caused the cantilever deck to hit production tree of Kab-103. The result was gas leakage that caused fire killing 22 people.

    Accident date: 23rd of October 2007

    Deaths: 22

    Cause: Fire

    8 – Mumbai High North Disaster

    Mumbai High North Deadliest Accidents in Oil And Gas Industry

    Mumbai High North was a production platform owned by Indian State owned Oil Company (ONGC). The platform caught fire after collision with a multipurpose support vessel. The vessel was pushed towards the platform and raptured platform’s gas exporting risers. The leaked gas was ignited and platform was set on fire also damaging the vessel. 22 people lost their lives.

    Accident date: 27th of July 2005

    Deaths: 22

    Cause: Fire after collision with a vessel

    7 – Enchova Central Platform Disaster

    Enchova Central Platform Deadliest Accidents in Oil And Gas Industry

    The incident started due to a well blowout that caused the fire on platform. Most people aboard were evacuated by helicopters. 42 people lost their life during the evacuation procedure. They were being evacuated in a lifeboat when the lowering mechanism malfunctioned and eventually the lifeboat fell 20m deep into the sea after the supporting cables snapped.

    Accident date: 16th of August, 1984

    Deaths: 42

    Cause: Malfunctioning of lowering mechanism of lifeboat.

    6 – Bohai 2 Oil Rig Disaster

    Deadliest Accidents in Oil And Gas Industry Bohai 2

    Bohai Number 2 Oil rig was built in 1969 by Mitsubishi and sold to China in 1973. It was one of the oldest rig owned by China. It sank on November 25, 1979 in Gulf of Bohai which is between China and Korea. The accident killed 72 people aboard. The accident was caused by strong winds while the rig was towed. A huge wave washed over the main deck breaking a ventilator pump resulting in a big puncture hole on the deck. Extensive flooding caused the rug to sink. The crew lacked proper training on emergency evacuation procedures and the use of lifesaving equipment.

    Accident date: 25th of November 1983

    Deaths: 81

    Cause: Strom, Untrained Crew

    5 – Glomar Java Sea Drillship Disaster

    Glomar-Java-Sea-Drillship Deadliest Accidents in Oil And Gas Industry

    Glomar Java Sea was a US drill ship that sank in South China sea on 25th of October 1983 due to tropical storm. The ship was owned by Global Marine Inc. Chinese search vessels spent a week before the wreckage was found under 300 feet of water. The 81 people aboard included 42 Americans, 34 Chinese, 4 Britons and an Australian. 31 bodies were recovered out of 36. 45 persons were missing and never found, eventually presumed dead.

    Accident date: 25th of October 1983

    Deaths: 81

    Cause: Strom

    4 – Ocean Ranger Rig Disaster

    Deadliest Accidents in Oil And Gas Industry Ocean Ranger Rig

    Ocean Ranger was an offshore drilling rig. It was built in Japan and was owned by ODECO (Ocean Drilling and Exploration Company). This rig was designed to withstand winds up to 100 knots (190 km/h) and waves up to 110 feet in height.

    Ocean Ranger sank on 15th of February 1982. The last transmission from rig was on 1:30 AM local time. It sank due to flooding of chain lockers and upper decks resulting in loss of buoyancy. All 84 aboard were killed.

    Accident date: 15th of February 1982

    Deaths: 84

    Cause: Strom

    3 – Drillship Seacrest Accident

    Deadliest Accidents in Oil And Gas Industry

    Drillship Seacrest was a drill ship also known as The Scan Queen. It was built in Singapore and was owned by Unocal Corporation. The ship sank on 3rd of November 1989 killing 91 crew members while it was on a mission to drill a gas well. It capsized due to Typhoon Gay which also killed 529 people and leaving 160,000 homeless. Typhoon brought waves up to 40 feet in height and 100 knots in speed.

    The cause of the accident was criminal negligence of Ship’s superintendent. He ignored all storm warnings and continued to work. The ship was capsized and went unnoticed until next day when a helicopter found it floating upside down.

    There was a lawsuit against Unocal Corporation but the defending Associate company came up with all explanations that the ship was seaworthy hence the capsize was due to unforeseen circumstance.

    Accident date: 3rd of November 1989

    Deaths: 91

    Cause: Human Negligence and Mother nature.

    2 – Alexander L. Kielland Drilling Rig Accident

    Alexander L. Kielland - Deadliest Accidents in Oil And Gas Industry

    Alexander L. Kielland was an offshore rig owned by Stavanger Drilling a Norwegian Company. It was capsized on 27th March 1980 killing 123 people. The rig was used as living quarters for people working offshore. It had the capacity to accommodate 386 people. The rig was used as accommodation for people working on drilling platform attached to it.

    There were more than 200 men off duty present on the rig on 27th of March. There were strong winds gusting up to 40 knots (74km/h) and waves up to 12 meters in height. Some cracking and wire snapping noise was followed by rig titling at 30° and then stabilizing. Five out of six anchoring cables were snapped and the last one snapped shortly afterwards capsizing the rig.

    123 people were killed out of 212 aboard.

    Accident date: 27th of March 1980

    Deaths: 123

    Loss: US$3.4 billion (£1.7 billion)

    Cause: Fatigued crack in one of the bracings. It was traced back to improper labour where the rig was build in 1976.

    1 – Piper Alpha Platform Accident

    Deadliest Accidents in Oil And Gas Industry-Piper-Alpha

    Piper Alpha was the name of an Oil production platform in North Sea, United Kingdom. It was operated by Occidental Petroleum. It’s production was 300,000 barrels/day. Cause of accident was human communication error. A vital safety valve was removed by the Morning shift crew from a Gas pump and the pump was not supposed to be started under any circumstances. 2nd shift manager could not locate the permit stating that pump should not be started and had to start the pump. This resulted in continuous explosions and eventually total destruction of the platform killing 167 men out of 226. Only 67 survived the accident. An insurance claim of US$1.4 billion was filed after the disaster.

    Accident date: 6th of July 1988

    Deaths: 167

    Loss: US$3.4 billion (£1.7 billion)

    Cause: Human Error

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