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    Books Every Welder Should Read Once in their Lifetime

    Underwater Welders Make Up To $300,000 a Year

    People weld all the time but some of them turn out to be the nightmare of thier lives. These welding books can change your welding life and every welder should give them a read once in their lifetime. These books and step by step guides are also very friendly for beginners welders or those who are not even very familiar with welding but want to give it a try. These are the best welding books out there any welder can find out. Lets get started with the list:

    Watch Repair for Beginners: The New Essential Illustrated Handbook on Horology to Learn the Basics of Watch and Clock Repairing:

    Here’s just a little of what you’ll discover inside:

    • An Easy-To-Understand Introduction on Watches and What Makes Them Tick
    • Essential Tools and Equipment For DIY Watch Repair (That Won’t Break The Bank!)
    • 13 Common Watch Issues and How To Fix Them – Including Some You Might Never Have Thought of
    • A Full Step-By-Step Plan To Walk You Through a Watch Repair
    • Detailed Illustrations To Supplement Your Learning and Avoid Confusion
    • Bonus Advice For Repairing Clocks
    • And So Much More…
    Watch Repair for Beginners

    Link to buy the book: https://amzn.to/3QihRPT

    Beginners Guide To Woodworking: An Introduction To Basic Hand Tools, Equipment, And Techniques In Starting Your Woodworking Journey:

    This book is designed for the beginning woodworker in developing basic woodworking skills by applying proper techniques. This book covers the following:

    • Technique development.
    • Resources in developing your skills.
    • Projects designed for the beginner.
    • Tips and tricks.
    • Shop safety fundamentals.
    • Expert advice on using hand tools, joinery, finishing, and much more.
    Beginners Guide to Woodworking
    Beginners Guide to Woodworking

    Link to the product: https://amzn.to/3Rf5yoI

    Farm and Workshop Welding, Third Revised Edition:

    One of the top welding books was published back then on amazon. Whether you’re a complete beginner or an experienced welder who wants to learn more, Farm and Workshop Welding provides a wealth of useful shop-tested advice. Discover everything you need to know to learn hands-on welding, and start repairing and creating metal equipment and structures, with practical instructions for:

    • Cast Iron Welding
    • Pipe Welding
    • Hardfacing
    • Soldering
    • Welding Plastics
    • Metal Identification
    • Welding Safety
    • Workshop Techniques
    • Drill Sharpening
    • Taps and Dies
    • Basic Blacksmithing
    Farm and Workshop welding
    Farm and Workshop welding

    Link to buy the book: https://amzn.to/3eqb3SQ

    Welding For Dummies:

    You’ll find practical advice on every popular kind of welding, including stick, tig, mig, fluxcore, and even oxyfuel cutting. You’ll also get tips on the ideal welding techniques to choose for specific projects. The book shows you how to: 

    • Find the required training for welding certifications 
    • Use brand-new welding technologies, including laser techniques 
    • Practice critical welding techniques you can use in your own hobby shop while staying safe 
    Welding for dummies
    Welding for dummies

    Link to buy the book: https://amzn.to/3Rg5MvV

    WELDING FOR BEGINNERS: A Welding Book For Beginners With Well Illustrated Practical Skills:

    This book will walk you through on the following areas:

    • Details in welding basics
    • Terms you need to know in welding
    • Safety measures to take before going into welding
    • Troubleshooting in welding
    • What to do and not to do in workshop
    • Different types of welding techniques and their applications
    • Understanding welding machines and setup
    • Arc welding
    • Metal Inert Gas Welding (MIG) and step by step guide in learning the skill
    • Tungsten Inert Gas welding (TIG) and guide to learn it
    • Flux-cored Arc welding and practice
    • New welding techniques and how to practice them
    • Surface Tension Transfer process (STT) and practice
    • Friction Stir welding (FS)
    • Laser welding
    • Cleaning and inspection of welds, and many more
    Welding for beginners
    Welding for beginners

    Link to buy the book: https://amzn.to/3AMNA6a

    Learn to Weld: Beginning MIG Welding and Metal Fabrication Basics:

    Learn to Weld starts with the basics: setting up your studio, the right safety gear and safety procedures, and the equipment and materials you will need to begin with welding. With the help of step-by-step metalworking photos and tutorials, you will learn detailed techniques for cutting and grinding, and for joinery using a MIG welder. The book also contains a complete index for easy troubleshooting and quick reference.

    Learn to weld
    Learn to weld

    Link to buy the product: https://amzn.to/3Rf5ZiQ

    Did you know how much welders make per year? This article will blow your mind!

    Underwater welder salaries

    Best tips for welders book: Step By Step Guide on How to Start Welding as A Complete Beginner

    • The basics of welding, including what it is, the different types of welding and their applications
    • Different types of welding machines and their uses
    • Essentials welding tools that are must-haves before you begin welding
    • How to go about choosing the ideal welding location and the requirements that your welding space must have
    • Exactly how to choose your welding table and the welding machine that is suitable for you and your projects
    • Welding safety practices that you must adhere to
    • Essential tips for welding beginners to guide you through as you start
    • How to know that your welding is spot on
    • Amazing beginner-friendly projects to help you put your skills into practice
    • And so much more!

    Even if you have never welded before and have no idea what an MIG machine is, this book will teach you everything you need to know about welding from scratch until you can make your very own out of this world, useful welded projects!

    Link to another welding guide for beginners with well known authority: https://amzn.to/3RAUC4F

    Step by step welding guide for beginners
    Step by step welding guide for beginners

    Link to buy the book: https://amzn.to/3CWMqYd

    The TAB Guide to DIY Welding: Hands-on Projects for Hobbyists, Handymen, and Artists:

    Everything you need to know about MIG welding is here in one handy resource.

    This is one of the best welding books ever written. You’ll learn what steel is made of and the principles behind electrical welding. Then you’ll learn how to acquire new steel, how to interface with steel suppliers,and how to find your own salvaged steel. This is a one of the various welding books every welder needs to read for a better practical welding experience. After the basic principles of metalworking, hand and power tools arecovered–and they’re put to use through hands-on projects that allow you to develop new welding skills and establishbuilding blocks for future tasks. By the end of the book, you’ll be able to create successful metal projects on your own, like a pro!

    • Illustrated instructions with photos and drawings provide step-by-step procedures and clear explanations
    • Projects include useful items for around your home andgarden, including a log holder, plant stands and tables, arolling garden cart, and a barbeque grill
    • Easy-to-follow examples and explanations for beginningartists, DIYers, and hobbyists
    • Expert advice from an experienced teacher of MIGwelding courses
    • Course supplement for classroom and shop instruction
    • A list of online and local resources to help beginningmetalworkers access a metalworking community
    DIY Welding

    Link to buy the book at amazon: https://amzn.to/3TJFgMS

    Top Welding Guide for starters: An Instruction Handbook to Weld, Cut, and Shape Metal with 10 Welding Projects Included Plus Tips, Tricks and Tools to Get You Started:

    In this book, you will learn;

    – The concept of welding, what it entails, and its history

    – How to make money from welding

    – Terminologies used in welding

    – Tips and tricks welders often adopt for a seamless welding experience

    – The tools and materials used in welding

    – How you can set up your welding workspace in your backyard

    – The possible welding hazards and safety precautions to follow to remain safe while welding in the workspace

    – The common welding techniques and how they work

    – Educated on the steps to build and weld 11 different metallic designs as a beginner

    – The common mistakes welders make and how to avoid them.

    Welding fo beginners
    Welding fo beginners

    Amazon link to buy the book: https://amzn.to/3AUu3Ro

    Complete guide to becoming a underwater welder:

    Guide to becoming a underwater welder

    Best Welding Book for Beginners: Learn Everything You Need to Know to Weld, Cut, and Shape Metal in Your Home Studio:

    This easy-to-use book includes:

    • Welding techniques for simple practical repairs and small artisan home projects 
    • Safety and protective gear
    • Workshop set-up plans
    • Basic equipment and upkeep
    • Basic welding types, including arc and MIG
    • Common mistakes and troubleshooting
    • Project ideas
    • Instructive photos showing process details for successful results 
    • Tons of quick tips and welding hacks to give beginners a strong foundation to improve upon
    Beginners guide to welding; A step-by-step book to teach welding
    Beginners guide to welding; A step-by-step book to teach welding

    Link to buy the book at amazon: https://amzn.to/3RAUC4F

    Must have tools for welders:

    Premium Gadgets for welders
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    Every Welder Wants To Lay His Hands on these Tools

    A Complete Guide: How to become an Underwater Welder

    These 8 must-have premium gadgets for welders will change your welding life. It has also been said about these toys that every welder wants to lay his hands on these tools. These necessary welding tools are every welder’s dream. You can buy these products at amazon store with a special discount using the link given below each product description!

    Let’s get started with the list of these amazing gadgets:

    1.Viking 2450 Black Welding Helmet

    About this item:

    • PREMIUM OPTICS – The 2450 Series features the exclusive 4C lens technology which creates a crystal clear, true color view of the arc and puddle. This enhances your control and increases weld quality while reducing eye strain.
    • LARGE LENS – The 9.3 square inch auto darkening lens provides a large field of view to offer enhanced application versatility, increases productivity and also has added safety benefits.
    • SUPERIOR COMFORT – The one-of-a-kind X6 Headgear contours to the operator’s head to evenly distribute weight across six key contact points. This improves balance, eliminates pressure points and provides a personalized fit for maximum comfort.
    • INCREASES PRODUCTIVITY – Innovative low-profile external grind button allows you to quickly switch between weld and grind modes without having to remove the helmet or your gloves.
    2450 Series
    2450 Series

    Product link: https://amzn.to/3KZuEG5

    2. Strong Hand Tools, Nomad, Steel Welding Table

    • Three 1. 1″ (28mm) slots in the tabletop allow for insertion of clamps to reach any point on the table.
    • Tabletop tilts to three positions: Horizontal, 30°, and folded for mobility.
    • Two retractable, perpendicular steel guide rails can be used as guides, stops, or clamping edges, this necessary welding tool is highly recommended by professional welders.
    • Affordable, convenient welding and work table for the welding shop or home shop
    • Tabletop height can be adjusted from 26″ to 32″ (660 – 810 mm).
    • Table moves about the work area on 2 sturdy casters.
    Nomad Table
    Nomad Table

    Product link: https://amzn.to/3qa1eLy

    3. Flame-Resistant Welding Sleeves

    • Slip-on pair of welding sleeves for protecting the arms from welding spatter and heat
    • Made of 9 ounce flame-resistant material
    • Elastic cuffs at each end for protection and holding sleeves in position
    • Sleeve length 21 inches
    • Brand Name Lincoln Electric
    Flame resistant welding sleeves
    Flame resistant welding sleeves

    Product link: https://amzn.to/3cLX2Pc

    4. Miller Electric MIG Welding Gun,250A,15 ft. L Cable

    • Durable, Comfortable Handle
    • Error-Proof Liner Trimming
    • Pulse Welding Capable
    • Superior Wire-Feeding
    MIG Welding Gun
    MIG Welding Gun

    Product link: https://amzn.to/3wYcoH5

    5. Combo Weld JKT, Royal/Blk, Ctn/Leather

    Welding Jacket
    Welding Jacket

    Product link: https://amzn.to/3D1e4nf

    Learn how to become a hyperbaric/underwater welder with this easy to follow step by step guide:

    How to become a underwater welder

    6. Auto-Darkening Welding Lens

    • World renowned lens technology provides crystal clear view of the arc and puddle
    • The exclusive Liquid crystal lens broadens the color RANGE & hues which can be seen in both light and dark States
    • Eliminates Color saturation for a true Color view
    • Reduces eye strain for all day comfort
    • High quality and consistent performance which minimizes blurriness and distortion
    Auto Darkening Lens
    Auto Darkening Lens

    Product link: https://amzn.to/3QtZoA9

    7. Lincoln Electric Caliber 17 Series TIG Torch; Necessary Welding Tool

    • PREMIUM TIG WELDING PERFORMANCE – Innovative features designed to provide long-lasting performance and enhanced versatility for a premium TIG welding experience
    • COMPACT, INNOVATIVE HANDLE DESIGN – Lightweight and ergonomic over molded handle improves grip to reduce finger fatigue
    • ULTRA-FLEXIBLE CABLE – Nylon braided exterior with soft silicone core provide elite flexibility and abrasion resistance
    • INDUSTRY STANDARD EXPENDABLES – All Caliber TIG Torches are compatible with industry standard front end TIG Expendables
    Lincoln Electic TIG Torch
    Lincoln Electic TIG Torch

    Product link: https://amzn.to/3TKdvnt

    8. Wilton 63295 Welding Shoe Clamp

    • Flexible Design Reduces Number Of Clamps Needed, Set Up Time And Storage Space
    • Reaches Where Conventional Clamps Cannot , Can Be Located Anywhere On A Fixture, Table Or Fabricated Piece
    • Direct Clamp Mounting-Quicker And Easier For Aligning And Leveling Plates And Sheets
    Welding Shoe Clamp
    Welding Shoe Clamp

    Product link: https://amzn.to/3KNNvUs

    Check out the amazing salaries of underwater welders giving a hard competition to engineers and doctors:

    Underwater welder salary
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    4 Most Widely Used Ways of Welding

    A Complete Guide: How to become an Underwater Welder

    There are many types of welding that are being used in the industry now. Working with metal is both energizing and enabling. As the sparkles fly and the intensity turns up, welders can change a portion of the world’s most grounded materials into the shapes and items they imagine. This ability requires work and practice to get, and it’s best educated with the help and direction of industry experts. Today, we will explain in details with visuals the 4 most widely used ways of welding.

    Getting familiar with everything of another exchange can time consume. You really want to get comfortable with the whole working interaction beginning to end and dominate each level prior to continuing on. This scrupulousness makes an incredible welder and a more flexible possible representative. There are four significant sorts of welding methods that understudies at Lincoln Tech should learn to become effective welders working in the field. Lincoln understudies have the interesting an open door to get complete involved preparing from field-experienced educators. With direction from probably the most incredible in the business, understudies will dominate the four most well known kinds of welding strategies. You will get to know about 4 types of welding in this tutorial.

    4 Most Widely Used Ways of Welding:

    Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW/MIG):

    This types of welding is likewise alluded to as Metal Inert Gas (MIG). It utilizes a safeguarding gas along the wire cathode, which warms up the two metals to be joined. This technique requires a consistent voltage and direct-current power source, and is the most well-known modern welding process which incorporates plate and huge drag pipe.

    MIG Welding

    The GMAW/MIG welding process uses four primary methods of metal transfer:

    1. Globular transfer creates a harsher weld dot because of metal bead size and the inclination for scattering. This technique is helpful for welding thick metal plates in level positions.
    2. Shortcircuiting functions as the name suggests – the welding wire contacts the base metal in an immediately continued tapping strategy all the time. Since little splashing is created simultaneously, this strategy can be utilized in any welding position.
    3. Spray Transfer sends small beads of liquid metal in such a consistent style that it keeps in touch bend weld during the cycle. Despite the fact that this strategy creates little splatter, it is ideal to use on even pieces that are thick and level.
    4. Pulsed Spray is basically the same as Spray Transfer, yet utilizes a high-low current heartbeat to permit miniature cooling periods. As a result of this kind of conveyance, this cycle can be utilized on a wide assortment of metal plate thicknesses, and in practically all welding positions. Note that when we utilize the expression “cooling” while portraying beat splash, the snapshots of lower voltage that give a cooler weld are as yet a few thousand degrees Fahrenheit. It is simply viewed as cooler comparative with the high-voltage part of the cycle. All welding utilizes outrageous temperatures.

    Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW/TIG):

    Welding together thick areas of tempered steel or non-ferrous metals is the most well-known use for this technique. It is a curve welding process that utilizes a proper consumable tungsten cathode to create the weld. This interaction is significantly more tedious than MIG, Stick or Flux Cored Arc Welding.

    TIG Welding

    The dissolving point of non-ferrous metals fluctuate significantly. So care should be taken in recognizing the creation of the base metal. Impeccable Endlessly steel both contain Iron, be that as it may, to be viewed as Stainless Steel, the metal should contain no less than 11% Chromium. Carbon Steel dissolves in the 2,600 to 2,800-degree F range.

    This type of welding occurs when the presence of 11% chromium in treated steel limits that temperature reach to the 2,750+/ – degree F mark. Yet, nothing shows welding abilities more than the mind boggling capacity to TIG weld aluminum. This expertise takes a consistent hand, prepared eye, and an imaginative touch to make a smooth, astounding weld.

    Check how much do underwater welders make a year:


    Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW):

    With this specific sort of welding, the welder follows a manual course of stick welding. The stick utilizes an electric flow to frame a curve between the stick and the metals to be joined.

    SMAW Welding

    This is many times utilized in the development of steel structures. And in modern manufacture to weld iron, steel and utilizing the open V-Groove while welding with gentle steel pipe.

    There are many types of welding. The welder should have the option to weld to a level in which their work can pass a disastrous kind of twist test. While protected metal curve welding is utilized to join carbon steel, alloyed prepares, hardened steel, cast iron, and pliable iron, it can likewise be utilized for a few non-ferrous metal applications like Nickel and Copper. It is seldom utilized on Aluminum.

    Complete guide on how to become an underwater welder:

    Underwater welder complete tutorial

    Flux Cored Arc Welding (FCAW):

    There are many types of welding overall. This was created as a choice to safeguard welding. The self-loader circular segment weld is in many cases utilized in development projects. Because of its high welding rate and movability. This technique has numerous factors making it material in an assortment of welding projects. Factors frequently rely upon the model of welder being utilized, and what sort of wire was picked for the application.

    FCAW Welding

    The adaptability is widened by the many working points, voltage levels, extremity utilized. Because of the capability of quicker welding speeds, the recently joined metal cools faster. On the off chance that the welding professional is utilizing a transition cored wire, the person in question should be watching out for porosity in the welded joint.

    Motion Cored Arc Welding is best utilized in either outside settings or under modern ventilation hoods, because of how much smoke and vapor is made during the welding system.

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    How To Create A Dot Plot In Google Sheets

    Essentially, Google Sheets describes data as a series of columns and rows. Nevertheless, while this can be an excellent way to visualize data, it’s not necessarily attractive.

    Google Sheets has some “infographic”-like features that help you visualize information. If you are familiar with reporting features in other software systems, you probably know the basics: pie charts, bar charts, and scatter plots.

    But Google Sheets doesn’t have a built-in way to create a scatter plot. Since Google doesn’t have a scatter chart spreadsheet feature, you will need to create your own chart. Luckily, we’ve created a comprehensive step-by-step guide on ways to create dot plots in Google sheets.

    So, how do you create dotted cells in Google Sheets?

    In a dot chart (also called a dot plot), which is one of the simple statistical graphs, we use points to visualize data.

    Two similar charts available for this chart in Google Sheets are Scatter and Bubble.

    From there, we can create a dot plot using scatter charts.

    So, how do we go about this?

    First, we need to present the data in a completely different way. So a scatter plot looks like a dot plot. So how do we formart format the data?

    We can format data with formulas and create point plots using scatter plots charts in Google Sheets.

    In this post, you will find all the necessary formulas and instructions to create your own dot plot chart using Google Spreets.

    Google Sheets Dot Plots Examples

    Based on your data, it might be necessary to create dotted cells in with a different format.

    Putting that to consideration, here are two examples.

    The formula we might want to use depends on the type of data that we will use to create the dot plot chart.

    Example 1: A Dot Chart Where The Y-Axis Is Not Neccessary

    This chart type is ideal for displaying research data (two-dimensional distributions/ratios).

    In the first example, I have gathered the following data showing how long it takes researchers to solve a statistics problem.

    The data above is C4:D14 in the spreadsheet.

    Here are step by step guidelines for creating a dot chart/scatter plot in Google Sheets.

    Example 1: Data Formatting Guide

    1. In cell F4, enter the following array formula to copy the values ​​from C4:C14 to F4:F14.

    = ArrayFormula(C4:C14)

    Also, you can copy and paste (Ctrl+C, Ctrl+V) values ​​from C4:C14 to F4:F14. However, later, updating any value in the range C4:C14, it will not be reflected in the chart.

    2. In cell F5, enter the series formula below and drag it to F14.

    = sequence(1, B2: B11)

    The outcome will resemble this:

    Example 1: Dot Plots Creating Guide

    1. Select the range F4:L14 and go to the menu “Insert” and then select “Chart”.

    2. Select the “Scatter” chart type from the resulting drop-down menu.

    3. At this point, you shouldl see a dot plot (Draft) in Google Sheets as shown below. Double-click the legend icon and use the “Delete/Backspace” button on your keyboard to do away with it.

    4.Alternatively, you can “erase” the checkmarks on the Y-axis. You cannot remove it. Changing the text color to white will hide it.

    So, why is y-axis scaling unnecessary?

    This is because we only want to count the points on the vertical axis.

    For example, look at the checkmark 6 on the x-axis in the image. Only points are counted. You will see that the number of dots equals 4.

    This means that each of the 6 researchers spends 4 minutes solving their own math problem.

    More so, you will observe that the points (sequence points) on the graph are equidistant.

    To mask the vertical axis values, choose Vertical Axis > Text Color in the Graph Editor’s customize panel.

    Then the scatter plot filled in Google Sheets with the above sample data will be displayed as follows.

    With that in mind, let’s move on to example 2.

    Example 2 – (requires Y-axis scaling)

    This type of chart is suitable for building comparative (time-varying) data.

    In this example we shall consider sales of two products in the first quarter (January to March).

    Here, I’ll use three formulas to format the above data to fit in dot plots in Google Sheets.

    Note that formulas and data formatting are not even remotely related to our first example. (Example 1)

    The reason is that the two data types that create a scatter plot/Dot Plots are different.

    Let’s view the guideline.

    Example 2: Data Formatting Guide

    Our example 1 data above is in the range B4:C7. If so, enter the formulas below into cells F5, G5, and H5, respectively.

    The formula in F5 will be:



    This formula generates consecutive numbers from the smallest value in the range B5:C7 to the largest value in the range B5:C7.

    This means that the formula will generate values from 4 to 20 in ascending order.

    The formula in G5 will be:


    This is a Vlookup array formula that returns/generates values ​​from the corresponding values ​​in B4:B7 and F4:F20.

    The formula in H5 will be:


    Dragging formula G4 to H4 will give the formula outlined above. The goal is the same here. This will return the value C5:C7.

    Designate G3 as PRODUCT 1 and H3 as PRODUCT 2.

    That is the step-by-step process for generating dots in Google Sheets based on the data provided above.

    Steps to create Dot Plots for example 2

    You will observe that the steps listed below are almost similar to the steps that we used in our example 1.

    1. Select range F3:H20.

    2. Select Insert > Bar Chart > Scatter Plot.

    3. In the “Setup” tab of the chart editor, enable “Switch Rows to Columns”.

    4. Double-click the title and click the Delete button to remove the title/legend, as shown in example 1.

    As shown in example 2, a dot plots chart in Google Sheets would look like this.

    That is it. I hope you enjoyed reading this step-by-step guide and found it helpful!

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    How to Detect Rotten Fruits using Image Processing in Python?

    Author: Iqra Anwar

    A guide on detecting rotten fruits using image processing in Python:


    Introduction to Detection of Rotten Fruits(DRF):

    Freshness provides one of the essential characteristics for consumers. Consumers prefer fresh fruits rather than rotten ones when it comes to hygiene. An efficient fruit detection system is required to facilitate humans. So, for the easiness of people, this desktop application is proposed, named “Detection of Rotten Fruits (DRF)” by using Artificial Intelligence and Computer Vision. DRF is a desktop application for detecting rottenness in fruits that can be used to indicate the fruits according to their rottenness. Evaluation of fruits relies on the availability of fruit’s images which are stored in a trained model. This report describes how; through Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) we can find rottenness in fruits. This document will also describe how the system will take input as an image and provide output in the form of accuracy through CNN. This concept will solve the issue of rottenness without using any sensors and extra machines. This idea could be the best-fit solution. It can be used by common people too.

    Detection of Rotten Fruits

    Fruit Detection Using Image Processing:

    This report document explains how we can find rottenness in fruits through Artificial Intelligence (AI), Computer Vision (CV), and Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). Nowadays, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is an emerging technology; it is not only part of computing sciences, but it is becoming the basic need of the living population. The vast majority of us know the sentiment of purchasing natural fruits, just to discover that they are effectively ruined. The primary grounds of this project are to bring a system that can easily detect the rottenness of fruits and evaluate the accuracy of the rottenness of fruits through the camera and classify whether the fruit is rotten or fresh according to the accuracy of their rottenness/freshness.

    Background Survey of Fruit Detection Using Image Processing

    The human eye can detect or analyze the rottenness of fruits, but it is difficult. So, for the easiness of people, we want to develop a desktop application named “Detection of Rotten Fruits (DRF)” by using Artificial Intelligence, CNN, and Computer Vision. The purpose of DRF is to detect and evaluate the accuracy of the rottenness of fruits through the camera and classify them according to the accuracy of their rottenness.

    Problem Statement of Fruit Detection:

    The human eye can detect or analyze the rottenness of fruits, but it is difficult. So, for the easiness of people, we want to develop a desktop application named “Detection of Rotten Fruits” (DRF) by using Artificial Intelligence, CNN, and Computer Vision. The purpose of DRF is to detect and evaluate the accuracy of the rottenness of fruits through images captured through cameras and classify them according to the accuracy of their rottenness.


    The problem caused by the uncertainty of rottenness of fruits can be overcome by this creative rottenness detector application without any chemical treatment which could damage the nutritional value. We aim to develop this desktop application, especially for the Pakistani nations, as we talk about the developed countries, they already have expensive gadgets for the detection of fruits, and our nation cannot afford those costly gadgets and sensors. Thus, this project will help not only help sellers but also buyers for knowing the rottenness of fruits.

    Scope of Fruit Detection Project:

    The problem caused by the uncertainty of rottenness of fruits can be overcome by this creative rottenness detector application without any chemical treatment which could damage the nutritional value. We aim to develop this desktop application, especially for Pakistan, as we talk about the developed countries, they already have expensive gadgets for the detection of fruits, and our nation cannot afford those costly gadgets and sensors. Thus, this project will help not only help sellers but also buyers for knowing the rottenness of fruits.

    What are the Limitations of Fruit Detection?

    This study is limited to:

    • Evaluation of fruits relies on the availability of fruits images which are stored in the trained model

    • New fruits cannot be detected and recognized unless the model is re-trained with the new dataset

    • DRF is a desktop application, and it cannot be used on mobile

    • For now, it cannot detect multiple fruits at a time

    Project Significance:

    This project has developed an approach for the problem, to find the rottenness of fruits’ & evaluate the accuracy of rottenness in fruits present in the image. By using Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) and CV techniques, DRF provides the accuracy of an image captured via the camera.


    This paper has proposed the Fruit Freshness Detection Using CNN Approach to expand the accuracy of the fruit freshness detection with the help of size, shape, and colour-based techniques by associating Convolution Neural Network (CNN). The framework starts the method by tapping the fruit’s picture. At that point, the picture is moved to the filtration level where the properties like size, shape, and colour of fruit tests are pulled back [1].

    Research Paper: Fruits and Vegetables Quality Evaluation Using Computer Vision:

    The goal of this paper is to give a practically identical overview of computer vision and image processing methods in the food business and furthermore image features, image descriptors, and quality analysis of fruits and vegetables on the basis of colour, shape, size, and surface and the sort of infection present. Wide strategies for example KNN, SVM, Artificial Neural Network (ANN), and Deep Learning/Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) [2]

    Research Paper: CNN-Based Model for Fruit Detection and Grading:

    In this paper, they are taking the instances of apples. Li and M. Zang in 2000 had the option of apple shading with the assistance of hereditary neural organization calculation with 90% precision. Mahjong et al. in 2019 built up the framework which can review apples with the assistance of neural organization and hereditary calculations which give the exactness of 91.67%. The framework will chip away at single shot multi-box discovery which implies that it can review different apples which are available in an edge[3]


    Literature View analysis that has been done concerning the challenges faced in the agricultural business in Pakistan and how DRF is going to overcome these challenges and issues. A technical overview is provided that covers the technology of computer vision and CNN. This part attempts to develop a comprehensive analysis of how these visual features are applied to the human perception that can assist to identify at which percentage the fruit has decayed.

    Requirement Gathering:

    We gathered our dataset from Kaggle [16] and then classified it into two classes named Rotten Fruit and Fresh Fruit.


    We have been looking for different solutions and CNN is the best-fit solution we have found. Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) are a group of Artificial Neural Networks that are applied unremarkably to tasks such as object detection and classification in the image process. It includes multiple layers that assist in classification and detection. The property assesses Convolutional Neural Networks: Propagation time, which is the time it takes for the classification of an image, and precision, which is how precise the prediction is. CNN image classification takes an input image, processes it, and classifies it according to certain categories.

    We used the 3-layered CNN model in order to attain better accuracy.

    3-Layered CNN


    Experiment: The dataset for the experiment was collected through Kaggle and It was classified into two classes named Rotten fruits and Fresh fruits. Each class is further divided into two categories as Train and Test. The complete dataset was used for the implementation of the CNN model. We used 67% data for training and 33% for testing.

    Result: The proposed idea includes the detection and classification methods by using CNN and Computer Vision techniques. App utilization contains a series of steps. Firstly, the Image can be selected either by capturing through a camera or can directly be selected from the device by using chose from files button. Upon pressing the calculate button result will be shown of that particular image. The result will show that either the fruit is Rotten or Fresh within its accuracy.


    The main reason to propose this idea is to replace the manual assessment. As we all are well aware of the fact that with the agricultural revolution, People are more concerned about their health and prefer to use fresh fruits for their diets. In the past, sensor-based machines were being used to detect the rottenness of fruits whereas DRF is a desktop application that is going to solve this issue without using any sensors and additional gadgets. This project explores the classification of rotten fruits based on a dataset gathered from Kaggle. So, the conclusion is that the problem regarding the rottenness of fruits can be overcome by this idea. The accuracy and loss curve was generated by using various combinations of hidden layers and models of CNN. This idea can be the best-fit solution because It can be utilized even by common people. The applications in the play store are not providing accurate results but DRF shows the 90% accuracy of the rottenness of fruits, among 10 images every 2 images may not be classified properly.

    Code of Detect Rotten Fruits Using Image Processing Python:

    Github: IqraBaluch


    [1]. Harsh, K. K. Jha, S. Srivastava, A. Raj, and S. Raghav, “Fruit Freshness Detection Using Cnn Approach,” no. 06, pp. 456–463, 2020.

    [2] A. Bhargava and A. Bansal, “Fruits and vegetables quality evaluation using computer vision: A review,” J. King Saud Univ. — Comput. Inf. Sci., 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.jksuci.2018.06.002.

    [3] M. K. Singh, “REVIEW PAPER ON CNN BASED COMPUTER VISION,” no. 08, pp. 1367–1371, 2020.

    [4] Z. Du, X. Zeng, X. Li, X. Ding, J. Cao, and W. Jiang, “Recent advances in imaging techniques for bruise detection in fruits and vegetables,” Trends Food Sci. Technol., vol. 99, no. June 2019, pp. 133–141, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.tifs.2020.02.024.

    [5] T. Nishi, S. Kurogi, and K. Matsuo, “Grading fruits and vegetables using RGB-D images and convolutional neural network,” 2017 IEEE Symp. Ser. Comput. Intell. SSCI 2017 — Proc., vol. 2018- Janua, pp. 1–6, 2018, doi: 10.1109/SSCI.2017.8285278.

    [6] F. López Laso, “Diseases Detection in Citrus Fruits Using Convolutional Neural Networks,” p. 68, 2018, [Online]. Available: http://openaccess.uoc.edu/webapps/o2/bitstream/1

    0609/81449/5/flopez215TFM0618memoria.pdf. [7] D. K. Soni, N. Sharma, I. Kaushik, and B. Bhushan, “Producing energy using blind man stick,” Proc. — 2020 IEEE 9th Int. Conf. Commun. Syst. Netw. Technol. CSNT 2020, pp. 173–178, 2020, doi: 10.1109/CSNT48778.2020.9115766. [8] K. Kuchangi and J. Prakash, “Spoilage Detection in Raspberry Fruit Based on Spectral Imaging Using Convolutional Neural Networks,” p. 75, 2018.

    [9] K. Roy, S. S. Chaudhuri, S. Bhattacharjee, S. Manna, and T. Chakraborty, “Segmentation techniques for rotten fruit detection,” 2019 Int. Conf. Opto-Electronics Appl. Opt. Optronix 2019, pp. 1–4, 2019, doi: 10.1109/OPTRONIX.2019.8862367.

    [10] J. Chen et al., “Flexible and Adhesive Surface Enhance Raman Scattering Active Tape for Rapid Detection of Pesticide Residues in Fruits and Vegetables,” Anal. Chem., vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 2149–2155, 2016, doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.5b03735.

    [11] F. Sinesio, A. Saba, M. Peparaio, E. Saggia Civitelli, F. Paoletti, and E. Moneta, “Capturing consumer perception of vegetable freshness in a simulated real-life taste situation,” Food Res. Int., vol. 105, no. July 2017, pp. 764–771, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.foodres.2017.11.073.

    [12] O. Kemiklioglu, Emine; Ozen, “Design of a

    Sensor to Detect Fruit Freshness,” vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2018.

    [13] S. Kammar, S. . Kulkarni, U. . Kulkarni, R. K, and R. Hegadi, “Detection of freshness of fruits using electrical method,” Int. J. Eng. Trends Technol., vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 90–92, 2015, doi: 10.14445/22315381/ijett-v23p217.

    [14] D. El Khaled, N. Novas, J. A. Gazquez, R. M. Garcia, and F. Manzano-Agugliaro, Fruit and vegetable quality assessment via dielectric sensing, vol. 15, no. 7. 2015.

    [15] Suganya, “a Fruit Quality Inspection Sytem Using Faster Region Convolutional,” pp. 6717–6720, 2019.

    [16] https://www.kaggle.com/sriramr/fruits-fresh-and rotten-for-classification

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    Top 3 Softwares For Accountants Assuring Swift Operations

    As an accountant, you must deal with multiple softwares on a daily to manage your client’s needs. This article brings you the Top 3 Softwares which the accountants can use in their day-to-day operations in order to thrive in the work they do.

    1. Quickbooks Desktop:

    QuickBooks is an accounting software package developed and marketed by Intuit. First introduced in 1983, QuickBooks products are geared mainly toward small and medium-sized businesses and offer on-premises accounting applications as well as cloud-based versions that accept business payments, manage and pay bills, and payroll functions.

    Intuit has integrated several web-based features into QuickBooks, including remote access capabilities, remote payroll assistance, and outsourcing, electronic payment functions, online banking and reconciliation, mapping features through integration with Google Maps, marketing options through Google, and improved e-mail functionality through Microsoft Outlook and Outlook Express. For the 2008 version, the company has also added import from Excel spreadsheets, additional employee time tracking options, pre-authorization of electronic funds and new Help functions. In June 2007, Intuit announced that QuickBooks Enterprise Solutions would run on Linux servers, whereas previously it required a Windows server to run.

    2. Zoho:

    Zoho Corporation is an Indian multinational technology company that makes web-based business tools. It is best known for the online office suite offering Zoho Office Suite. The company was founded in 1996 by Sridhar Vembu and Tony Thomas and has a presence in seven locations with its global headquarters in ChennaiTamil Nadu, India, and corporate headquarters outside of Austin in Del Valle, Texas. Radha Vembu, Sridhar Vembu’s sister, owns a majority stake in the company.


    From 1996 to 2009, the company was known as AdventNet, Inc. and initially provided network management solutions.

    AdventNet expanded operations into Japan in 2001 and shifted focus to small and medium businesses (SMBs).

    Zoho CRM was released in 2005, along with Zoho Writer, the company’s first Office suite product. Zoho Projects, Creator, Sheet, and Show were released in 2006. Zoho expanded into the collaboration space with the release of Zoho Docs and Zoho Meeting in 2007. In 2008, the company added invoicing and mail applications, reaching one million users by August of that year.

    In 2009, the company was renamed Zoho Corporation after its online office suite. The company remains privately owned.

    In 2017, Zoho launched Zoho One, a comprehensive suite of over forty applications. As of October 2021, Zoho One has been expanded to 50 applications.

    Zoho reached more than 50 million customers in January 2020.

    3. Sage:

    The Sage Group plc, commonly known as Sage, is a British multinational enterprise software company based in Newcastle upon TyneEngland. As of 2017, it is the UK’s second-largest technology company, the world’s third-largest supplier of enterprise resource planning software (behind Oracle and SAP), the largest supplier to small businesses, and has 6.1 million customers worldwide. It has offices in 24 countries. The company is the patron of the Sage Gateshead music venue in Gateshead.

    Sage is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.


    Founded and headquartered in Newcastle upon TyneUnited Kingdom, the company has grown organically, through acquisitions and, more recently, through subscription services.

    In June 1991, Sage Group moved into their first dedicated headquarters building, Sage House, in Benton, Newcastle upon Tyne, having previously been located in the Regent Centre office park.[31] In 2004, the company completed their £50 million headquarters in the Great Park area of Newcastle upon Tyne. In 2021 Sage’s Newcastle headquarters moved to Cobalt Park.

    The company’s US headquarters are in Atlanta, Georgia, the Canadian headquarters are in Richmond, British Columbia, the Africa, Middle East & Australia headquarters are in Johannesburg, South Africa and the French and Continental European headquarters are in ParisFrance. Sage has 6.1 million customers and 13,400 employees across the world. Key industry focus includes: Healthcare; HR & Payroll; Construction/ Real-Estate; Transport/ Distribution; Payment Processing; Accountancy; Not-for-Profit; Manufacturing; Retail; Automotive Distribution.

    Sources: http://wikipedia.com

    For more in-depth of the details of these softwares, Visit:


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    How AWS Technologies are Helping in Empowering Health Care Industries

    What is AWS?

    The world is changing now; everything is just a click away. Many people have taken advantage of online sites which help you grow your business. Amazon is one of the technological companies which has helped its users and sellers in many ways. AWS, Amazon Web Services, is a good initiative and developing cloud computing platform initiated by Amazon. It provides infrastructure as a service, platform as a service, and packaged software as a service. Provides developers with more than 170 AWS services so they can access them from anywhere when they need them.


    How does it work?

    Amazon Web Services was launched in 2006 from the internal infrastructure that Amazon had built to tackle its online operations. AWS was one of the first companies to initiate a pay-as-you-go cloud computing model that provides users with computing, storage, etc. AWS offers many services, solutions, and tools for enterprises and software developers that data centers can use in around 190 countries. AWS services can be used by private organizations, nonprofits, government agencies, and education institutions. Many companies like Facebook, Twitter, Netflix, and BBC also rely on AWS.

    AWS services are divided into different categories, each service can be composed in different ways based on the users’ needs. Users would be able to see configuration options and server maps for an AWS service.

    Amazon Web Services are comprised of more than 100 services. Those services include;

    • Security
    • Analytics
    • Governance
    • Monitoring
    • Artificial Intelligence
    • Management
    • Networking
    • Data management
    • Storage databases

    For instance, Adobe builds and updates software without relying on IT teams. It provides its services by offering multi-terabyte operating environments to its customers. By implementing its services with Amazon services, Adobe has easily integrated and operated its software.

    AWS provides data storage for archiving data. People who want to start a business can host their websites in the AWS cloud. AWS makes it easier for gamers across the world to experience the best online gaming with AWS. A feature that makes AWS stand out from other cloud services is the ability to launch e-commerce, SaaS application, and scale mobile. API-based code on AWS can enable companies to build scalable applications without compromise, without requiring any operating systems or other systems.

    AWS Healthcare

    Healthcare has not been spared from the technological evolution. It would not be wrong to say that technology has proven to be the new standard of healthcare as it provides software, applications, cures, and tests which were once a vague imagination. Healthcare and life sciences organizations are moving towards digital transformation to reduce the cost of care, improve collaboration, and operational decisions, and enable faster development of new therapies and treatments.


    AWS health provides progressing visibility into your resource performance and the accessibility of AWS services and accounts. You will use AWS wellbeing events to remember how benefit and asset changes can impact your applications running on AWS. AWS Wellbeing provides important and timely information to help you manage events ahead of time. AWS Wellbeing also makes a difference in being aware and preparing for planned exercises. The feature provides alerts and notices triggered by changes in the status of AWS assets, giving you near-instantaneous insight into events and directions to help speed up your search.

    Furthermore, the tools are designed to address a variety of needs, it includes analytics and AI/ML, experienced physicians, clinical system, medical research, finance and operations, and core healthcare IT. AWS Health Dashboard is available to all AWS customers at no additional cost. The dashboard requires no configuration and is ready to use for authenticated AWS users.

    AWS Health Care Technologies

    Medical Gadgets and Devices

    Medical gadgets and devices have always been known to be expensive and limited. Sometimes, even the access to such high-end gadgets becomes real trouble for well-maintained medical facilities. Either the products tend to be costly or unavailable in a certain region. However, AWS healthcare believes in “Remove the friction that stands in the way of innovation” and lives up to its statement. It provides an opportunity for product owners to showcase their devices and gadgets. If their idea is innovative as well as effective, that would help patients, institutes, or companies to rely on more accurate and newer gadgets. It would not only bring innovation to the field but also provide instant, cost-effective and accessible healthcare products just a click away.

    Healthcare Providers

    Every patient forgets half of the ailment if the healthcare provider communicates and explains their illness with care and attention. Patients like to be heard, want to understand what specific phenomenon in their body is causing such distress, and need to know the ‘perfect, instant’ cure. For the sake of this satisfaction, people tend to spend hundreds and thousands of dollars in search of the best medical advisor and healthcare provider but unfortunately, end up in disappointment. Although, AWS believes that “‘Focus on the patient. AWS is how”. AWS Healthcare focuses on the well-being of its customer and provides a secure, reliable, and custom cloud platform that connects you to renowned and specialized healthcare providers. The AI disease detector is one of the patient-centric approaches which is revolutionizing the medical industry. It also delivers a safe space to the providers so they can develop personalized care strategies for the patients. There are 2500 security controls available for the providers as well as the customers so the human administrative tasks are minimized and the human element of care stays in the limelight.


    In a life-or-death situation, a wise decision taken in minutes and seconds can help save a life. Sometimes, no matter how experienced a healthcare provider is, he/she needs to rely on the latest on-hand technology to execute that wise decision. AWS provides a solution to it by providing a HealthTech platform where intelligent IT and AI developers can create a reliable mode of lifesaving technology. Through extraordinary cloud management, AWS focuses on critical services that enable IT, experts, to provide a 360 view of the patients’ health. It allows for building new products that can be accessed anywhere at any time through AWS’s extensive global infrastructure.

    Genomics and AWS

    Genomics is one of the most grinding fields of medicine that needs precision and accuracy to diagnose, encode and decode various genes. It involves repetitive tasks, observations as well as very large data handling. AWS has now come up with a solution that provides more focus on scientific discoveries and precision medicines as compared to spending hours on data handling or redundant tasks. AWS claims to ‘accelerate genomics discoveries’ by providing 40 petabyte-scale open datasets which eventually leads to breakthrough research. Furthermore, it also enables the consumer to choose the efficiency and cost of the optimized genomics data processing. Lastly, it translates raw sequence data into clinical applications.

    Source: Amazon Web Service

    Biopharm and AWS

    Biopharm indeed is a life-changing therapeutic industry that needs innovation more than ever. It lets pharmaceutical companies create, discover, and develop drugs and medication at the private and public levels. To streamline and revolutionize Biopharm, AWS has introduced a platform where organizations can unlock the modern future of therapeutics. The platform provides high-end performance, computing, and a comprehensive machine learning platform. It lets the user choose credible recruits and partners, secure research, and the process of manufacturing. In short, it brings products to market faster and conveniently by providing the right tools and cloud systems.

    Source: Amazon Web Service

    How AWS Technologies are Helping in Health Care Industries?

    1. Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia

    One of the fine examples of Amazon Web Services technology helping in health care industries is the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, CHOP. CHOP is now using AWS-powered Data Resources to enhance pediatric research. The organization realized that the data handling was now turning into an out-of-control situation that needed self-handling mode so the prime concern of CHOP would be its patients.

     They built Gabriella Miller Kids First Data Resource Center (KFDRC), by using AWS which enabled them to combine interdisciplinary, clinical, and medical research, and imaging data availability of the children across the globe. Allison Heath, the Director of Data and Technology Innovation at CHOP claimed, “All of our systems is currently built on AWS…We went from zero to managing a few petabytes of genomic data within a year using this setup.”

    The potential benefits KFDRC received by using AWS Healthcare are;

    • Access to clinical data for the research community
    • Provides visual synthetic data analysis to the researchers
    • Meets FHIR standards
    • Stores data of unique genomic variation
    • NHS Digital, United Kingdom and Pandemic

    Pandemic was one of the greatest challenges in the field of medicine in the 21st century. With the growing number of death tolls as well as affected people every single day, data handling became a strenuous task. That is when NHS or National Health System, United Kingdom decided to go digital with the help of Amazon Web Services. NHS Digital has some products that are for the public such as NHS app NHS.uk website which has huge international use. Other products are used by central staff or clinicians like emergency care units or 111 call centers. The rest underpins many local and national platforms used by NHS on daily basis. Gladly, Amazon Web Services’ customized infrastructure helped them handle heaps of medical data, digital products, and services at an extraordinary rate in response to the pandemic. Sarah Wilkinson who is chief executive officer at NHS Digital says, “There is so much more energy and ambition for digital transformation within the NHS now than there was a year ago…here is a level of confidence about the journey ahead that is incredibly exciting,”

    • Change Healthcare and Dynamic Adaptability

    Change Healthcare is one of the largest healthcare administrative networks in the United States of America. Over 340,000 physicians and 60,000 pharmacies participate in this network. With the help of AWS, Change Healthcare uploads its essential data to the cloud via easy integration and customized infrastructure. Due to dynamic adaptability, the servers can be recreated and removed by coding by the IT specialists at the institute.

    Source: Amazon Web Service

    The officials believe that creating a program that would handle such enormous data in traditional style would be costly and would take forever to reach the standard set by AWS.  “By utilizing AWS products and services we have a strategy over the next couple of years to reduce overall dataset footprint by around eighty percent,” says TorstenKablitz, Vice President of IT at Change Healthcare.

    • NSW Health Pathology

    North-South Wales Health Pathology, Australia, was quick to move to Amazon Web Service due to an unfortunate pandemic, COVID-19. With the help of Amazon Redshift, which is a fast data handling and running analytics, NSW Health Pathology was able to provide 4.25 million test results in a day.

    NSW-Health-Pathology-logoIt is popular among people as it is fast, free, requires no app, and is reliable. One can connect via just an SMS. The overwhelming number of tests were now being handled by improvised AI and machine learning products. NSW also used other AWS products such as Amazon Lambda, Amazon DynamoDB, Amazon Pinpoint, Amazon Connect, and Amazon Lex. “The service has been one of the highlights of our COVID-19 response at NSW Health Pathology,” says James Patterson, chief information officer at NSW Health Pathology.

    • PHILIPS and Radiology

    AWS did not stay back even when it came to Radiology. From diagnosis to AI controls, from deciding on implementing it in the best manner, PHILIPS innovated its data handling with the help of Amazon Web Services.

    Philips_Customer-Reference_Logo@2xThe company was facing data challenges concerning quantity, diversity, multiple sources, and data siloes. Philips uses AWS Healthsuite which is a cloud-based data platform and helps with the smart diagnostic system, operational analytics, and cloud PACS for integrated diagnostics.PHILIPS aims to improve 2.5 billion lives by 2030 and for this very purpose they rely on AWS. They believe AWS is the holy grail of speed, cost, and accuracy.

    • Australian Unity and “Internet of Knees”

    Australian Unitysubsidiary Remedy Healthcare provides therapeutic and physical therapies for patients who have just undergone knee surgery. Around 50% of patients who have recently experienced knee surgery are more likely to skip the recommended rehabilitation and physical exercises which eventually affects their mobility. The weekly visits from healthcare providers can only help when present in person but there was no way to keep a track on daily basis. So, Remedy Healthcare decided to use Amazon Web Services to provide the opportunity for remote prescriptions and to keep track of the patients’ performance.

    Remedy Healthcare built IoK i.e., Internet of Knees which collects movements and flexion data through the sensors attached to the thighs and of the patient. To use IoK, the program uses AWS IoT Core and Amazon Kinesis Data Firehose to collect data and then process it on the cloud respectively. Here is the workflow of IoK;

    Source: Amazon Web Service

    The processed data then provides a real-time chart of the patient’s activity and the therapist can remotely monitor it. By using AWS Sagemaker, they have now their remote, integrated software application that helps data scientists to build and prepare an optimized program for each patient.

    • Illumina

    The world is expanding, in terms of technology, at a very fast rate. To outstand the competition as well as to bring innovation to the medical field, companies have started to ditch clichés and are looking forward to revolutionizing every single step. Genome sequencing once took decades to create a genome while the scientists of the 21st century are doing it within 24 hours. Illumina is one of the examples in the genomics field that has overpowered repetitive mundane tasks. It produces and markets integrated systems to scrutinize biological functions and genetic variation with the help of AWS technology.

    Illumina’s motto is to “unlock the power of the genome to improve human health” and for this reason, they have become partners with AWS. The Vice President of Bioinformatics and Instrument Software at Illumina, Rami Mehio says, “We’re delivering a complete workflow—from sample preparation to tertiary analysis—in the secure AWS environment that allows all of the information generated before and after sequencing to be aggregated and analyzed.”

    AWS Healthcare in A Nutshell:

    This article provided a detailed overview that how AWS is changing the face of healthcare with the help of technology. It not only allows the healthcare providers to choose what is best for them but it also focuses on the need for innovative products in the medical field by filtering out the traditional practices.From all the top-notch companies that are mentioned above, we can fairly conclude that AWS Healthcare is the new face of the digital therapeutic solution to a better healthcare system across the globe and plays a very important role in achieving business, technical as well as medical goals.




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    Every Driver Should Read This to Understand Meaning of Different Road Markings and Signs

    Road Markings and Traffic signs

    Most developed countries have a mature procedure to issue a driving license which involves driving theory, road practice and eventually a driving test. A successful candidate must pass the theory part and the road test to secure a driving license. As a result, most driver understand what the road markings and sings mean and how to respond to them while driving.

    Unfortunately, a lot of developing nations don’t have such defined procedures. If there are procedures defined, in most cases corruption takes over and licenses are issued with conducting a driving test.

    This article tries to sum up most road markings and traffic signs.

    Road Markings And Signs

    Road signs are categorized in three different groups:

    1. Regulatory signs
    2. Warning signs
    3. Information signs

     Regulatory signs

    These signs are usually in a circle and they notice about traffic laws and regulations. Drivers MUST follow these signs. Not able to follow the instructions given by these signs mostly result in a plenty by the law enforcement. Below are some regulatory signs common in almost all the countries.

    Warning Signs:

    A warning sign is a type of sign which indicates a potential hazard, obstacle, or condition requiring special attention. Some are traffic signs that indicate hazards on roads that may not be readily apparent to a driver.


    Information Signs:

    An informative sign isAn information sign is a sign that is used to inform people of the purpose of an object, gives them instruction on the use of something, etc. An example is a traffic sign such as a stop sign


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    Why You Should Start Learning How to Weld Right Now?

    Underwater Welding: One of the Most Dangerous Occupations in the World

    Welding is a trade skill that will always be in demand. Welders are in high demand in the manufacturing industry and can earn up to $100,000 per year.

    There are many reasons why welders are so valuable, but the most important one is that welding skills are hard to come by. The average person does not know how to weld, and there aren’t many schools that teach it either.

    This means that any company or individual looking for a welder will have to look outside of their local area for someone who has the skill set they need.


    Welding is a great career for people who are interested in a trade that will always be needed. The welding salary can vary depending on the type of work you are doing, but the average is about $37,000 per year.

    There are over 418,659 Welders currently employed in the United States. 7.5% of all Welders are women, while 89.9% are men. The average age of an employed Welder is 40 years old. The most common ethnicity of Welders is White (68.1%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (15.8%) and Black or African American (9.7%). (source: https://www.zippia.com/welder-jobs/demographics/)

    Hyperbaric Welding:

    Hyperbaric welding is a welding process that uses a hyperbaric chamber for shielding.

    The process is done in an atmosphere of 100% pure oxygen. This causes the metal to become very hot and molten and therefore, welds easily.

    In order to weld with hyperbaric welding, there needs to be a vacuum pump on the chamber. This pump sucks all the air out of the chamber and replaces it with pure oxygen which is then pumped into the chamber by an air compressor.

    The global welding market is expected to reach $60.4 billion by 2024.

    Why learn welding?

    The welding process is one of the most important steps in the manufacturing process. Welding has been around for centuries and it has always been an integral part of the manufacturing sector.

    Welding is a profession that is in high demand. It has grown by 20% in the last five years, and the need for welders has increased as well. Welders are responsible for joining metal pieces together to form a complete product. The work can be dangerous, but it also comes with a high salary and benefits.

    A welder’s job requires intense concentration, manual dexterity, and stamina. Welders must be able to think critically and solve problems on the fly while keeping their work area organized. They must also have knowledge of safety precautions before welding any material together.

    Welding is a process in which two pieces of metal are joined together by melting them. It is an extremely useful technique that has many applications. There are many advantages to welding, such as the fact that it allows for the joining of metals without any gaps or seams. Welding can also be done underwater, which is a huge advantage.

    There are also some disadvantages to welding, such as the fact that it requires expensive equipment and can be dangerous if not done properly.

    How to learn welding?

    Welding is a trade that is in demand, and the skills are easy to learn.

    Welding is a trade that is in demand, and the skills are easy to learn. The first step in learning how to weld starts with understanding what welding actually entails. Welding can be done using two different methods: shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) or gas metal arc welding (GMAW). SMAW involves using an electric current to create heat, which melts the metal pieces together. GMAW uses an electric arc between two pieces of metal, melting them together at high speeds.

    The next step in learning how to weld involves understanding the equipment needed for this trade. Welders need a power source, such as an electric generator or battery pack; a wire feeder;

    Importance of welding:

    Welding is one of the most important tasks in any industry. It is not only a vital trade, it is also an essential profession.

    Welders are trained to work with metal and use tools such as a welding torch and welding machine to create welds in different shapes and sizes. They are responsible for joining metal pieces together by melting the edges of two pieces together to create a strong bond.

    The best welders in the world have mastered their craft, they have developed the necessary skills that allow them to perform this task with ease. Welding requires a lot of skill as well as patience, so it takes years for them to perfect their technique and skillset.

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    Photos You Need to See If You’re An American

    5 Reasons Why America Is About To Become A Conservative Country

    We have compiled a list of photos you need to see if you’re an American. These photos will prove why people see America as the greatest country on the face of planet Earth.

    Before we dive into these photos, let’s get to know America a little better.


    CapitalWashington, D.C.
    38°53′N 77°01′W
    Largest cityNew York City
    40°43′N 74°00′W
    Official languagesNone at the federal level[a]
    National languageEnglish (de facto)
    Ethnic groups (2020)[6][7][8]By race:61.6% White12.4% Black6.0% Asian1.1% Native American0.2% Pacific Islander10.2% Multiracial8.4% OtherBy Hispanic or Latino origin:81.3% Non-Hispanic or Latino18.7% Hispanic or Latino
    Religion (2021)[9]63% Christianity—40% Protestantism—21% Catholicism—2% Other Christian28% No religion6% Other2% Unanswered
    GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
    • PresidentJoe Biden (D)
    • Vice PresidentKamala Harris (D)
    • House SpeakerNancy Pelosi (D)
    • Chief JusticeJohn Roberts
    • Upper houseSenate
    • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
    Independence from Great Britain
    • DeclarationJuly 4, 1776
    • ConfederationMarch 1, 1781
    • Treaty of ParisSeptember 3, 1783
    • ConstitutionJune 21, 1788
    • Last state admittedAugust 21, 1959
    • Total area3,796,742 sq mi (9,833,520 km2)[c][11] (3rd/4th)
    • Water (%)4.66[12]
    • Total land area3,531,905 sq mi (9,147,590 km2)
    • 2021 estimate331,893,745[13]
    • 2020 censusNeutral increase 331,449,281[d][14] (3rd)
    • Density87/sq mi (33.6/km2) (146th)
    GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
    • TotalIncrease $24.8 trillion[15] (2nd)
    • Per capitaIncrease $74,725[15] (8th)
    GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
    • TotalIncrease $24.8 trillion[15] (1st)
    • Per capitaIncrease $74,725[15] (5th)
    Gini (2020)Negative increase 48.5[16]
    HDI (2019)Increase 0.926[17]
    very high · 17th
    CurrencyU.S. dollar ($) (USD)
    Time zoneUTC−4 to −12, +10, +11
    • Summer (DST)UTC−4 to −10[e]
    Date formatmm/dd/yyyy[f]
    Mains electricity110–120 V, 60 Hz[18]
    Driving sideright[g]
    Calling code+1
    ISO 3166 codeUS
    Statistics of America; Wikipedia

    1. American Flag on the green plain land

    2. Cute American Dog

    3. Fountain and The White House

    4. The Wild American Dream

    5. Mesmerizing America

    6. Flying American with the Flag

    7. Dreamy Weather in America

    8. Drone shot of New York, America

    9. American Aeroplane Taking Off

    10. Cruising Ship in North Florida, America

    11. Some American Logos

    12. American Map

    13. Sharp Looking Americans Eagle!

    14. American Baseball Stadium

    15. The White House

    16. American Baseball Stadium

    17. The Identity of America

    18. A linient photo of America

    19. Drone shot

    20. From the moon!

    21. American mountains!

    22. Night time view of America

    23. Sunny weather

    24. Bridge and the blue sea!

    25. American Sunset!

    26. Reflective Photo

    27. The raging America

    28. American Forest!

    29. Chicago

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    Importance of Mental Health and Statistics 2022

    Mental Health Statistics and Importance:

    According to the World health organization WHO: “Mental health is a state of well-being in which an individual realized his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.”

    Are you a healthy person? Most people take that to mean their physical health. Are you strong, flexible?

    For many, they tend to overlook the importance of mental health. Mental health is an intimidating topic. Many people associate outlandish and outdated stereotypes with mental illness, plus it’s not as easy to measure as a heart rate or blood level. Some will just dismiss any emotional struggle as personal weakness instead of an illness that needs treatment. In fact, it is a common illness that many people can get. Studies show that about 46% of Americans will experience a mental illness in their life. More than that, 20% of adults or over 45 million Americans will have a mental illness in any one year.

    What might this include?

    Well, in any given year, those 45 million Americans may have one or more of the listed mental illnesses.

    When we are sick, we seek out medical help and medicines but for many, seeking out mental health is either something they would not consider or it may simply be out of reach.

    For example, 60% of kids with depression are not receiving any mental health treatment.

    And even for those that do get treatment, very few get consistent treatment.

    Plus, some people that want help don’t have insurance.

    About 11% of those with mental health issues do not have any insurance. More broadly, only 43% of adults in the U.S. with mental illness seek out help.

    And among those that identify as African-American, Hispanic, or Asian, the numbers that receive counseling or treatment are even lower.

    Early diagnosis is vital. For many of the reasons stated earlier, people wait and wait for things to get better. In fact, the average delay between the onset of a mental illness and treatment of the mental illness is 11 years.

    And as with any disease, the earlier the treatment, the faster the recovery can begin.

    Now the good news:

    For those that work on their mental health as hard as those that work out in their weight room and on the treadmill, the benefits for you include better physical health, decreased chances for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, higher work productivity, and perhaps best of all, better relationships with family and friends. 2020 was rough on nearly all of us.

    The statistics tell us that considering that state of our mental health is more important now than ever before.

    Burnout Anxiety Depression:

    Burnout was recently classified as a diagnosable mental health condition by the world health organization. But it’s not treated the same way American Psychological Association’s DSM, or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

    Anxiety and depression, on the other hand, are officially classified mental health disorders worldwide.

    So, let’s break down the difference between burnout, depression, and anxiety.

    Burnout is a state of chronic stress that’s characterized by its three main symptoms, emotional and physical exhaustion, cynicism, detachment, and feeling a lack of effectiveness.

    Depression can include many of burnout’s symptoms, but often additionally presents with a low self-image, feelings of hopelessness, and even suicidal thoughts. Anxiety, although similar, is characterized by a heightened stress response in the form of excessive worry. If you experience a high level of anxiety and worry more days than not for at least six months, you may be living in an anxiety disorder. Another key indicator, your anxiety or worry is disproportionate to the actual likelihood of the anticipated event happening. Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health disorder in the United States affecting 40 million adults, 18% of the population.

    In many ways, anxiety and depression are considered more serious than burnout. The theory goes that since burnout is more often a result of work-related issues, it’s easier to address with behavior modifications.

    Anxiety and depression are often treated with behavioral cognitive therapy as well as prescription medicine. But if chronic stress goes untreated, burnout can become a gateway to more serious disorders. And while burnout, depression, anxiety are all distinct, it’s important to remember that they can occur simultaneously. If you’re not sure what you’re feeling, it’s always a good idea to seek personalized feedback and support from a licensed mental health professional.

    A good resource to start with is NAMI, the National Alliance on Mental Illness. Find more resources at name.org or talk to someone right away, dial their hotline right now.

    How to slash anxiety and keep positivity flowing:

    So we sort of zoom in to the professional work life. You know many of the slights and offenses and challenges we encounter are not nearly as difficult as many of the things that you tackled. Nevertheless, we can feel threatened, attacked, stressed out, and freaking out about things.

    Our brain is a phenomenal organ. It’s gone through three levels of evolution. The first one is just basically snaked brain, your reptilian brain. Its heart rate, breathing, respiration, fight or flight. It’s just the most primitive part of your brain. The next evolution is tucked in the middle of your brain. It’s called your limbic system and it’s got the hippocampus and hypothalamus and amygdala. And so it’s got a bunch of different components but it’s kind of the emotional cockpit. It’s where all of your emotions are generated. It’s where your habits and your memories are stored. And then the newest evolution is the neocortex. It surrounds the outer part of the brain but specifically the prefrontal cortex right behind your forehead. And that’s the part of the brain that differentiates us from the rest of the animal kingdom. We’re the only species who can think about the way that we think. It’s where creativity and innovation come from. It’s where higher-level thinking, problem-solving, decision making, cause and effect, attention, management, emotional regulation, all the hard stuff comes from there. And so it’s understanding that our brain will take anything we repeatedly think, say or do, and convert it into a cognitive shortcut, which is a habit so it doesn’t have to work as hard. It’s like going through the express lane; it’s just easier. And so if you, for example, if you’re listening or reading this right now, cross your arms. Now, cross them in the opposite direction. You probably noticed that the second time was more awkward. And it’s because those two things happened from different parts of your brain. The first time you crossed your arms, it came from your limbic system. You’ve done it a million times, when you’re cold, when you’re hungry, whatever. The second time it came from your prefrontal cortex, you had to work at it a little bit more. And if you were to do that all day, every day, or for extended periods of time, and you were to practice that, eventually that would become a habit. Over 45% of everything we do every day is a habit. And our brain depends upon these cognitive shortcuts to make our life manageable, but it doesn’t know which habits are helping us or which habits are hurting us. It just takes, however, we’re repeatedly thinking or behaving and converts it. So that’s one, it recognizing which habits, you know are you anxious because you have an anxiety disorder or are you anxious because it’s a habit?

    Role of mental health in public speaking:

    When getting anxious about speaking, many people experience mental symptoms such as not being able to focus on anything or myopically focusing only on one thing, but by far the most prevalent mental symptom related to speaking anxiety is the fear of blanking out. The number one question psychologists get asked is what do I do if I forget what I’m saying?

    The first step to managing this is not to admit that you’ve blanked out rather invoke one of a few techniques to help get yourself back on track. The first thing to do is to remember what happens when you lose your keys. When you lose your keys, you retrace your steps. The same thing is true when speaking. If you lose your place, simply go back to go forward. Restate what you just said and it should get you back on track. Most of us remember what just came before even if we can’t remember what comes next, and the audience actually enjoys the repetition. Second, have what I call a back pocket question. This is a question that you’ve thought of in advance so that if you blank out, you can ask your audience a question, and while they’re thinking of their answer, it gives you time to collect your thoughts. I’m going to let you in on a little secret.

    When I’m lecturing, there’ll be times when I might forget what I need to say next, So I’ll invoke my back pocket question. I’ll simply look at my students and say, I’d like to pause for a moment and have you reflect on how what we’ve just covered applies to you in your life, and while my students are thinking about their answer, I have time to collect my thoughts, and you know what? Students actually like that pause. It helps them to digest the material. So there’s no problem invoking a back pocket question. Simply think about something you could ask in the midst of your presentation or meeting that can help your audience digest your material and give you that little break. The final thing to do, if you blank out is to simply restate the purpose or goal of your presenting. If you’ve structured your presentation properly, it should all be focused on a particular goal or purpose. So stating that goal or purpose should make sense, and again, it buys you time to figure out what you need to say next. So taken together, these techniques can help you in a time when you might blank out, and the nice thing about simply knowing these techniques reduces the likelihood that you’ll blank out in the first place.

    Are you worrying because there’s something legitimately challenging that you don’t know how to navigate or are you worrying because it’s a habit, right? So our life becomes this state of habits and we just kind of life on autopilot if we’re not too careful.

    Tele-psychiatric Process of dealing with mental health:

    Telemedicine is the most common way of giving medical care from a distance through innovation, frequently utilizing videoconferencing. Telepsychiatric, a subset of telemedicine, can include giving a scope of administrations including mental assessments, treatment (individual treatment, bunch treatment, family treatment), patient schooling, and medicine the executives.

    Telepsychiatric can include a direct connection between a therapist and the patient. It likewise envelops therapists supporting essential consideration suppliers with psychological wellness care meetings and skills. Emotional wellness care can be conveyed in a live, intuitive correspondence. It can likewise include recording clinical data (pictures, recordings, and so forth) and sending this to a far-off site for a later survey.

    You can access Tele-psychiatry in different forms:

    · Psychiatric evaluations and diagnoses

    · Individual therapy

    · Group therapy

    · Family therapy

    · Client Education

    · Medication management

    Tele-psychiatry can be very effective for people dealing with mental health issues like burnout, anxiety, depression, bipolar disorders, fear of public speaking, and other related issues.

    According to the APA, Tele-psychiatry is a very strong method of helping patients with mental health disorders in a very convenient, affordable, and swift way. Using telemedicine in the field of psychiatry has the potential to be both cost-effective and structurally efficient due to the diminished fixed costs necessary for everyday operation. Remote monitoring of patients has allowed practitioners to check in with their patients more often because of the increased ease of observation. Technology is playing the main role in the upholding of Tele-psychiatry.


    Tele-psychiatric has been proven a significant method of assisting patients with mental health issues in a variety of forms. It is accessible for people of all ages, including children, adults, adolescents, and old age people. Tele-psychiatric enables patients from all over to world to deal with their mental health issues without ever stepping out of the home. Severe anxiety, depression, autism, bipolar disorders, burnout, excessive fear, and worry have been cured with the Tele-psychiatric process.

    Technology used in the telepsychiatry process:


    Get yourself treated now at Heritage Wellness LLC!

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    5 Tips For Settling Into A New Country Successfully

    8 Tips for Settling into a New Country Successfully

    Article and photos by Matt Scott

    Updated by Transitions Abroad 6/2/2016

    Settle in a new country such as Australia with a rainbow

    Settling into a new country can seem like seeking a pot of gold at the end of a rainbow.

    You may have decided to move to another country in order to experience a new culture or to change your current way of life. Perhaps work, study, or family commitments have influenced your decision. Whatever the motives for your move, it’s likely that while living in a new country can be full of excitement and positive experiences, there will be growing pains and difficulties along the way. Whether your move is for a semester, or perhaps for the rest of your life, in order to make the transition as successful as possible, being proactive about integrating and adapting to a new life is key. I have provided advice below that should help you settle in more smoothly and quickly.

    Tip 1. Be Open-Minded

    Living in Paris and walking along the river Seine in Paris, you will see books and posters on display that may blow your mind. Let your imagination and curiosity play.

    It’s unlikely you would have moved to a new county if you lacked an open outlook on life in the first place, but just make sure you maintain this outlook. It’s likely that things will be done differently, people will have different perspectives, and governments will not be run as you are accustomed to. Your new way of living may be better, worse, or simply different from the familiar. Remember to accept these changes as a necessary part of your new life, try not to be overly critical (or glorify too much), and do your best to avoid feeling frustrated. Try to accept that things are the way they are, and you will need to adapt your way of living around a chosen location, not the other way round.

    Tip 2. Improve Your Language Skills

    Settle into your new country and learn the language

    No one said learning a new language is easy, but with a bit of effort, you will manage.

    There is no better way to learn a language than to be totally immersed in a culture and forced to speak the language on a daily basis. You may find yourself in an ex-pat community, or in an English-speaking bubble, but making an effort to escape from your comfort zone is important. Improving your language skills (or learning a new language from scratch) will not only help you appreciate local cultures and people but will make life much easier if you are unable to fall back on your mother tongue for communication. Even if you are moving from one English-speaking country to another, being open to new expressions, idioms, and terminology will help enrich your experience and allow you to better follow the flow of conversation.

    I’d been trying to learn Spanish, on and off, for many years. While I would engage in periods of intense study for a few weeks, I’d quickly forget everything once I stopped practicing. I decided to sign up for an intensive language course in Santiago, Chile. While the course was only a few weeks in duration, I learned more than in my many years of prior study. Practicing the language on a daily basis provided not only a practical application for what I was learning, but helped reinforce grammatical rules and vocabulary. So much so that I was able to retain most of what I’d learned even years after I’d left South America.

    Tip 3. Make New Friends

    It’s not always easy to meet new people, regardless of where you are, but having a social life that you are used to and people you can call on in a time of need are vital to feeling at home in your new country. Joining an ex-pat group, volunteering your time, or becoming a member of clubs that appeal to your interests can all help you develop a network of friends.

    Given that there will be many challenges in your new life, being able to call on people that are either in a similar situation or understand what you are facing, can make overcoming any issues all the easier.

    Tip 4. Don’t Forget Your Old Friends

    In the excitement of moving to a new county, it’s all too easy to forget about who you’ve left behind. You may wish to throw yourself into your new life completely, but make sure to stay in touch with friends and family back home. As time goes by you may find that you have less and less in common with your existing friends, or gain the impression that they don’t understand what you’re doing, but the friendships you’ve built up over the years are there for a reason, so don’t give up on them too quickly. In the end, your friends and family are the ones most likely to be there when you need them the most.

    Tip 5. Know What You’re Getting Into

    Learn how to adapt to a new country, such as Australia

    Try to read up on your adopted land and know as much as possible how to navigate.

    Living in a new country will bring with it all manner of new experiences and surprises. Hopefully, the majority of these will be positive but it’s inevitable that not everything will run smoothly. The more you know about your destination country, and what is involved in living there, the more you will ensure that you are able to adapt while avoiding as many potential obstacles as possible. Potential issues can range from ensuring that all your immigration paperwork is up to date and correct, or that you are paying your taxes correctly, to simple events such as how to buy a bus ticket, or where to find an internet café.

    In particular, if you are moving to a country where the culture and customs are different from your own, make sure you know what is and isn’t acceptable (or legal) in order to ensure that you don’t have problems from the outset. Transitions Abroad have many excellent articles on adapting to new culture and practices in many different countries and serve as an excellent introduction to successful immersion.

    One of the first times I lived abroad was to volunteer on a Kibbutz in Israel. While I had read up on the background of the county, and the issues within the region, I had no concept of just how complex and confusing this part of the world turned out to be. Many of my fellow volunteers were very knowledgeable about the significant events and history of the area, so I could discuss these matters in-depth with the people with whom we were living day-to-day, but I still often felt left out of the conversation. I was eventually able to learn about the history of the region and soon realized that there are more than just two sides to this particular story. Nonetheless, I still felt that if I had arrived with a greater understanding, my initial weeks and months would have been much more rewarding.

    By Heritage Wellness!

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